In India, in the last two decades, the inflow of FDI has grown significantly. Similarly, its environmental pollution has also been rising since 1991 due to an increase in economic activity. This article empirically investigates the impact of FDI on air pollution in India.
The problem of multicollinearity arises when one explanatory variable in a multiple regression model highly correlates with one or more than one of other explanatory variables. It is a problem because it underestimates the statistical significance of an explanatory variable (Allen, 1997).
Applying Granger causality test in addition to cointegration test like Vector Autoregression (VAR) helps detect the direction of causality. It also helps to identify which variable acts as a determining factor for another variable. This article shows how to apply Granger causality test in STATA.