All articles by Yashika Kapoor

Economic burden from Asthma in India and USA

Asthma presented substantial global burden, affecting 358.2 million people in 2015. A complex disease, it impairs the social, physical and psychological well-being of the affected. Furthermore, the asthmatic condition can be differentiated into controlled, partially controlled and uncontrolled. The differentiation finds its basis in the level of severity of clinical manifestations (Koshak, 2007). With respect to which the Global asthma report 2014 mentions the higher economic burden associated with the uncontrolled condition (The Global Asthma Network, 2014). Besides the level of manifestation, the level of development also finds an association with disease economic burden. In an attempt to bring out the economic burden borne by developing and developed regions, the discussion presents the case of USA and India. Read more »

Allergic asthma in developing and developed regions around the globe

Allergic asthma a well-known chronic disease, of heterogeneous nature, affects respiratory airways. It presents several phenotypes on the basis of the disease progress. These phenotypes form recognizable demographic and clinical clusters around the globe. These phenotypes include allergic asthma, non-allergic asthma, late-onset asthma, asthma with fixed airflow limitation and asthma with obesity. Amongst all the different phenotypes, allergic asthma is recognized most easily. It has become highly prevalent since the latter half of 20th century, in both developing and developed nations. Read more »

Therapeutic consideration and treatment of conjunctivitis, food and skin allergies

The allergic disorders present a wide array of manifestations in the humans, demanding unique therapeutic strategies. The previous article shed light on treatment strategies for lethal Anaphylaxis, allergic Rhinitis & Asthma. The ocular and skin allergies not only compromise the quality of life but also makes the patient self-conscious about appearance. Read more »

Treatment options of lethal Anaphylaxis, allergic Rhinitis & Asthma

The previous articles shed light on the prevalence of allergic diseases across five different geographic locations. Thus showing allergies to be a global problem and exerts considerable socioeconomic burden on the respective nations. Allergic diseases like Anaphylaxis, Rhinitis and Asthma interfere with day to day activities of an individual, resulting in physical and emotional distress. Read more »

Cost of treatment care for allergic disorders

The discussions on allergic disorders till now emphasized on the prevalence and severity, besides highlighting the significant treatment options. Henceforth, it is essential to discuss the economics associated with the different treatment options. This demands the exploration of the cost of illness also known as the burden of disease. Read more »

Meta-analysis for one group

The previous article, explained how to enter data for performing meta-analysis of the studies reporting comparison data. Therefore the present article will explain the data entry methodology, for performing meta-analysis on the outcomes of studies having a single group. For this purpose, the single group of patients who were administered drug treatment will be taken into consideration. Read more »

Summary results and analysis for odds ratio

Results can be obtained by clicking on “Run Analysis”. The image below shows the result for meta-analysis of the odds ratio data, for both random and fixed effects model. As seen the relative weighting of studies in the two models are quite different. The random effects model takes into account both the interstudy variance and sample size, resulting in well-distributed weight. Also, as the studies do not follow identical research design, hence random effect model selection ensues. Read more »

Introducing Comprehensive Meta analysis (CMA) software

The Comprehensive Meta-analysis (CMA) software is a user-friendly and diverse software. It is capable of handling and executing multiple tests involved in performing Meta-analysis. The present module article, introduces the user to the software’s interface, focusing upon various functionalities of lite version of CMA software. Read more »


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