All articles by Chandrika Kapagunta

Treatment options of lethal Anaphylaxis, allergic Rhinitis & Asthma

The previous articles shed light on the prevalence of allergic diseases across five different geographic locations. Thus showing allergies to be a global problem and exerts considerable socioeconomic burden on the respective nations. Allergic diseases like Anaphylaxis, Rhinitis and Asthma interfere with day to day activities of an individual, resulting in physical and emotional distress. Read more »

Cost of treatment care for allergic disorders

The discussions on allergic disorders till now emphasized on the prevalence and severity, besides highlighting the significant treatment options. Henceforth, it is essential to discuss the economics associated with the different treatment options. This demands the exploration of the cost of illness also known as the burden of disease. Read more »

Role of phytoremediation in treating heavy metal pollution

In the previous article, the role of genetic engineering in improving bioremediation were discussed. With rapid industrialization, heavy metal contamination and organic pollutants have increasingly affected soil and water bodies. These threaten the ecosystem, surface and ground waters, food and human health. Phytoremediation is a method which involves growing plants in a contaminated matrix to remove environmental contaminants. Read more »

Gene ontology and gene interaction studies of Arabidopsis Thaliana

The previous article discussed the role of gene ontology in bioremediation. It also studied its importance in identifying new genes or proteins involved in bioremediation. Gene ontology can help in annotating and identifying important genes and proteins of organisms capable of bioremediation. Gene ontology analysis can assist in phytoremediation studies to mitigate dangerous pollutants. Read more »

Role of gene ontology in bioinformatics and bioremediation studies

In the previous articles, gene and protein of interest were studied with respect to their closely related variants found in NCBI database. In this article, gene and their products are studied on the basis of a standardised approach of annotating the correct information. This is based on gene annotation and gene ontology. Gene ontology refers to a consistent method of describing genes and gene products across all species and databases. Read more »

Comparative study of merA genes in arabidopsis for phytoremediation

Mercury is a highly potent neurotoxin impacting the function and development of the central nervous system in people and wildlife. Exposure to it in the form of vapours or organic methylmercury leads to neurological and behavioural issues. Moreover, mercury exposure is toxic to the digestive system, organs and the immune system (World Health Organization, 2017). Mercury pollutants in the environment are present in elemental, inorganic and organic forms. Global heavy metal contamination are increasing in soil due to industrialisation. Read more »

Genetic engineering of plants can contribute to bioremediation efforts

In the previous section, microbial remediation was studied. Bioremediation is a waste management technique to neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site. This is done with the use of organisms which can be microorganisms, fungi, plants or algae. They either metabolize pollutants to less toxic forms, assimilate or immobilize. Bioremediation works in two ways. First is enhanced growth of suitable organisms at the site. Other way is by introducing specialized microbes at the contaminated site to degrade contaminants. Read more »

Systematic review of forecasting models in disease epidemiology

In the previous article, the role and advantages of using forecasting models in disease epidemiology was discussed. Forecasting models are important tools assisting in public health decision making. Future disease trends, incidents and possible risks within a population can be assessed with these models. As discussed previously, many models are used to analyse time series data in epidemiology. In this article, a systematic review has been presented on several such models used in the past by researchers and institutions. Read more »

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