Category: Biology »

Treatment options of lethal Anaphylaxis, allergic Rhinitis & Asthma

The previous articles shed light on the prevalence of allergic diseases across five different geographic locations. Thus showing allergies to be a global problem and exerts considerable socioeconomic burden on the respective nations. Allergic diseases like Anaphylaxis, Rhinitis and Asthma interfere with day to day activities of an individual, resulting in physical and emotional distress. Read more »

Gene ontology and gene interaction studies of Arabidopsis Thaliana

The previous article discussed the role of gene ontology in bioremediation. It also studied its importance in identifying new genes or proteins involved in bioremediation. Gene ontology can help in annotating and identifying important genes and proteins of organisms capable of bioremediation. Gene ontology analysis can assist in phytoremediation studies to mitigate dangerous pollutants. Read more »

Role of gene ontology in bioinformatics and bioremediation studies

In the previous articles, gene and protein of interest were studied with respect to their closely related variants found in NCBI database. In this article, gene and their products are studied on the basis of a standardised approach of annotating the correct information. This is based on gene annotation and gene ontology. Gene ontology refers to a consistent method of describing genes and gene products across all species and databases. Read more »

Comparative study of merA genes in arabidopsis for phytoremediation

Mercury is a highly potent neurotoxin impacting the function and development of the central nervous system in people and wildlife. Exposure to it in the form of vapours or organic methylmercury leads to neurological and behavioural issues. Moreover, mercury exposure is toxic to the digestive system, organs and the immune system (World Health Organization, 2017). Mercury pollutants in the environment are present in elemental, inorganic and organic forms. Global heavy metal contamination are increasing in soil due to industrialisation. Read more »

Genetic engineering of plants can contribute to bioremediation efforts

In the previous section, microbial remediation was studied. Bioremediation is a waste management technique to neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site. This is done with the use of organisms which can be microorganisms, fungi, plants or algae. They either metabolize pollutants to less toxic forms, assimilate or immobilize. Bioremediation works in two ways. First is enhanced growth of suitable organisms at the site. Other way is by introducing specialized microbes at the contaminated site to degrade contaminants. Read more »

Systematic review of forecasting models in disease epidemiology

In the previous article, the role and advantages of using forecasting models in disease epidemiology was discussed. Forecasting models are important tools assisting public health decision making. They help predict future disease trends, incidents and possible risks in a population or community. Read more »

Significance of statistical analysis in epidemiological studies

Infectious diseases continue to pose significant threat to humans and animals. Stringent disease control policies and advancement in vaccines have not eradicated them. Therefore, in 2015 alone, 10 top deadly diseases were responsible for killing 30 million people. Among these diseases, communicable diseases like lower respiratory infections, diarrhea, tuberculosis and HIV were the major culprits (World Health Organization, 2017). Read more »

Drug related hypersensitivity to Penicillin

Penicillin was discovered by Ernest Duchesne in 1896 and Alexander Fleming by isolating the antibiotic substance from the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum. The fungus produces this antibiotic when its food resources are limited as a mechanism to kill bacteria. It is used in the treatment of a variety of infections (such as scarlet fever, skin, ear and throat infection, pneumonia, rheumatic fever, chorea). Read more »

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