Category: Biology »

Prevelance and diagnostics of Urticaria and its therapeutic considerations

Urticaria is a heterogeneous skin disorder, which is characterized by development of wheals on the skin followed by Angioedema. This can appear in any part of the body. Symptoms of the Urticaria are:

  • raised skin,
  • itchy bumps,
  • blanching (when pressed the centre of red hive turns white).

Furthermore, scratching, exercise, emotional stress may worsen it.

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Bioremediation for degradation of marine plastic waste

Plastic waste or debris are one of the most hazardous pollutant entering the seas and oceans, after oil spills and sewage discharge. First of all, plastic waste contributed 60-80% of the marine litter and in 2012, global plastic production reached an all-time high of 330 million tons per year. Furthermore, it is estimated that of the total plastic waste produced every year, most of the plastic waste enters landfills. However, approximately 13 million tons enters the oceans every year (1,2).

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Prevalence and diagnostics of food allergy and therapeutic considerations

Food allergy is an allergic reaction which is instigated with consumption of food which contains certain proteins, which can overreact with the immune system. Some of the major signs and symptoms of food allergy are:

  • red or itchy skin,
  • swelling,
  • teary eyes,
  • throat tightness,
  • trouble breathing (food allergies: reducing the risks, 2009).

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Prevalence of asthma and its therapeutic considerations

Asthma is an anti-inflammatory chronic disease which affects the lungs. It mainly affects the airway linings which swells and the muscles encircling the airway tightening causes the airway narrow. This makes it difficult to get airway in and out of the lungs which causes the bronchial hyper responsiveness. The symptoms of the disease include:

  • coughing,
  • wheezing,
  • abdominal pain,
  • fatigue,
  • increase in respiratory pulse rates (Corn 2013).

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Prevalence of allergic conjunctivitis and its therapeutic considerations

When the ocular surface is exposed to allergen, it results in the inflammation of conjunctiva (inside of eyelid covering the eyeball) and cornea leading to allergic conjunctivitis also known as pink eyes. The prevalence of the allergic conjunctivitis is found more in summer and spring (Høvding, 2008). The substance that triggers the conjunctivitis include:

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Prevalence allergic rhinitis and its diagnosis with therapeutic considerations

Allergic rhinitis is a group of symptoms leading to nasal congestion, itching and inflammation. The symptoms occur when the subject is allergic to dust, mite, pollen (Seidman et al., 2015). It is mediated by IgE antibodies and the mast cells. The prevalence of the disorder is continuously increasing and affecting 10 – 30% of the global population (Ozdoganoglu & Songu, 2012). Read more »

Role of microbes in oil spills remediation and degradation of hydrocarbons

Oil spills have become a common sight in the oceans around the world. Such events are the direct result of human error during the transport of crude oil or refined petroleum products across countries. Remediation of oil spills have become an important point of focus for countries and environment agencies across the world. Read more »

Classification, techniques and cellular processes of microbial remediation

In the previous article, the concept of bioremediation was introduced as an answer to the rising instances of environmental pollution. Although the act of bioremediation can be performed by a wide range of organisms including plants, fungi and microorganisms. Microbial remediation has proven to be the most advantageous and efficient process owing to its wide span of metabolic pathways and enzymes. In this article, bioremediation as a process has been classified, on the basis of application and cellular level processes by the microorganisms.  Read more »

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