Macroeconomic factors influence a country’s economic outcome on national and regional level. Gross domestic product (GDP), employment rate, inflation rate, interest rate, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), stock performance, government policies, and production cost are the major economic factors which affect economic growth. In India, the construction business in the real estate sector is the second largest in terms of employment generation. Read more »
Liberalisation can be defined as the reduction of legal restriction and economic liberalisation can be defined as privatisation. It is associated with transferring the ownership from public sector to private sector (Sally, 2007). In the year 1991, India faced a severe crisis of foreign exchange reserves which were at an all-time low. In the aftermath of the events, many sectors received a boost due to sudden increase in FDI (foreign direct investment) inflow. Read more »
The real estate demand in India was subjected to fluctuations since 1991, when economic liberalization took place. The period between 2001 and 2008 saw high growth in the real estate sector while it experience drastic slowdown from 2008 to 2014. At present, this sector is again witnessing decent growth in some parts of the country even after demonetisation.
Bengaluru is known as the “Silicon Valley” of India because 40% of all companies are in the service sector and is a hub for Information Technology (IT). The city has consistently ranked among the top 20 destinations for investment in South Asia Pacific (SilliconIndia 2015). It has also become a favorable destination for a wide range of citizens, from the middle-class working population to the high class industrialists and even retired people for a number of reasons. This trend picked up after 2000, when India became the preferred destination for software development. It propelled the city to the top spot in India for short and long term investments. This also created an initial boom in its real estate market (The Economics Times 2015).
Housing is a challenging issue all over the world, particularly in developing nations like India. It has turned into a top need of the administration and the society at large to address this issue. According to recent research, by 2025 over half of the Indian population will live in urban settlements looking for steadiness and wage (Anon n.d.). Read more »
The real estate market has been undergoing changes due to recent policies of the government and other initiatives. The move of demonetisation which involved currency ban was initiated by the current Government. With the introduction of demonetisation, the real estate sector was shaken up due to high involvement of cash transactions. According to Singh (2016), 35-40% of the money which was exchanged in black for selling and buying of pre-owned houses in Delhi NCR region has been curbed due to demonetisation. This will lead to unsold inventory of residential and commercial premises, increasing the drag on other sectors such as financial, steel, etc.
The European Union (EU) is an economic unit envisaging the social, political and economic interests of its member nations, in a way that it benefits all on a common ground. The historic formation of the European Union dates back to the times when the world was experiencing the thrust of political and economic instability. This includes the First and Second World Wars. The integration process of the European sub-continent had started gradually in the aftermath of the Second World War in 1945 following the demands of its member states.
In the past five years, there has been an undeniable slump in India’s real estate. This was due to reasons such as after-effects of the recession, inflation, inventory pile-up, etc. However the same has not been majorly felt in India’s two metropolitan cities, Mumbai and Pune. They are two of the most favourable destinations for real-estate in India for multinational companies foraying in the Indian market. Since they require retail or commercial space for setting up their presence in India, the demand for real estate in these cities has been lucrative.