Category: Sociology »

Global cancer prevalence and its geographical distribution

Cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that spread to other parts of the body via metastases. It has been a topic of research worldwide since the early 1960s. Since then it has had a great impact on human health and economies worldwide (Jemal et al., 2010). Thus, global cancer prevalence has diversified from one geographical location to another. There are several cancer causing reasons including lifestyle (external) factors, such as tobacco use, excess body weight; internal factors, such as inherited genetic mutations, hormones and immune conditions (American Cancer Society, 2017). Read more »

Epidemiology and public Health challenge from emerging infectious diseases

Infectious diseases have plagued humans before the dawn of civilisation. In the last few decades, after the discovery of penicillin, a large number of these diseases have been controlled or eliminated. However, infectious diseases have a tendency to recur in a different population or region than before. This phenomenon is termed as emerging infectious diseases (EID). Old infectious diseases re-emerge due to developed attributes like resistance or increased virulence (The Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation, 2014). One of the reasons is increased globalisation and environmental changes. This leads microbes to spread in new regions. Another reason is increasing drug resistance, making EIDs’ a grave concern (WHO Community, 2014). Read more »

Public health policy and guidelines for management of Asthma

Currently, 300 million people suffer from asthma globally, of that one-tenth reside in India. Nearly 4,89,000 people die annually due to asthma. Majority of fatalities occur in low- and middle-income countries, such as the Middle East and Africa (Masoli et al., 2004). Also, people with asthma in low- and middle-income countries suffer more severe symptoms in comparison to those in high-income countries. Read more »

Factors contributing to rise in food Allergy

Food allergy is a major pediatric health issue that is on the rise globally. The statistics suggest that food allergy has increased in many developed countries. It has also begun to increase in developing countries as well. The biggest issue remains the apparent surge of incidences in older children and teenagers. This age group poses a high risk of mortality due to food anaphylaxis. The behavioral tendencies often lead to a high number of anaphylactic deaths among teenagers. Read more »

Economic burden from Asthma in India and USA

Asthma presented substantial global burden, affecting 358.2 million people in 2015. A complex disease, it impairs the social, physical and psychological well-being of the affected. Furthermore, the asthmatic condition can be differentiated into controlled, partially controlled and uncontrolled. The differentiation finds its basis in the level of severity of clinical manifestations (Koshak, 2007). With respect to which the Global asthma report 2014 mentions the higher economic burden associated with the uncontrolled condition (The Global Asthma Network, 2014). Besides the level of manifestation, the level of development also finds an association with disease economic burden. In an attempt to bring out the economic burden borne by developing and developed regions, the discussion presents the case of USA and India. Read more »

Allergic asthma in developing and developed regions around the globe

Allergic asthma a well-known chronic disease, of heterogeneous nature, affects respiratory airways. It presents several phenotypes on the basis of the disease progress. These phenotypes form recognizable demographic and clinical clusters around the globe. These phenotypes include allergic asthma, non-allergic asthma, late-onset asthma, asthma with fixed airflow limitation and asthma with obesity. Amongst all the different phenotypes, allergic asthma is recognized most easily. It has become highly prevalent since the latter half of 20th century, in both developing and developed nations. Read more »

Cost of treatment care for allergic disorders

The discussions on allergic disorders till now emphasized on the prevalence and severity, besides highlighting the significant treatment options. Henceforth, it is essential to discuss the economics associated with the different treatment options. This demands the exploration of the cost of illness also known as the burden of disease. Read more »

Factors affecting spatial and temporal trends of an infectious disease epidemics

Epidemics of infectious diseases arise due to spread of the disease across individuals. It spreads within a geographical region over a period of time. When they spread at global level, it is referred to as pandemic. An infectious disease originates at a particular point. However, it spreads across communities and geographical regions. The temporal and spatial patterns of spread of different infectious disease are unique. Read more »

We are looking for candidates who have completed their master's degree or Ph.D. Click here to know more about our vacancies.