Category: Sociology »

Understanding atopic dermatitis and factors that leads to its rise

Atopic dermatitis (eczema), an immune-mediated skin disease, continues to exhibit rising prevalence trends around the globe. As shown in the previous article, the worldwide patterns of the disease occurrence tend not to show any decline. The atopic dermatitis burden has also been stipulated to be on the rise due to associations with a number of co-morbidities. Read more »

Health insurance policies play an important role in managing allergy

The health insurance policies help in controlling the mortality rate occurring from different diseases as well as allergic conditions. It has been constituted that at least 20% of the total Indian population suffer from different allergic conditions. On the other hand, 30% of the allergic population die due to lack of accessibility to medications and treatments. Thus, health insurance policies play a major role in the management of allergic burden as well as provide better management capabilities. The guidelines of health and medical insurance in India is constituted by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDAI). Read more »

Role of health insurance in allergic disease management

According to a report, a total of 288 million Indians were covered under health insurance during 2015 from government and private entities. It was also reported that Government health insurance schemes amounted to about 335 million Indian rupees covering about 214 million rural population in FY2015. However, the national health report of India in 2018 indicated 34% of the total population of India have health insurance coverage, 79% of them were covered by public insurance companies and government schemes. This indicates the lack of awareness and lack of healthcare coverage to the population of India. Read more »

AYUSH treatment health insurance as a pseudo insurance for allergy

20-30% of the Indian population suffers from allergic rhinitis and 15% from asthma annually. Allergy epidemiology also implicated an increasing trend of allergic diseases in India. Despite the rising rates of allergy in India, not many insurance providers cover the allergy in their insurance plan. Currently, there are no insurance companies in India that provide a medical coverage plan for the allopathic treatment of allergic conditions. However, in recent years Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH) has been widely supported by the government and insurance companies (Narula, 2016). Private insurance companies have therefore started AYUSH treatment health insurance coverage. Read more »

Influence of urbanization on the prevalence of Malaria in India

Urbanization is one of the many risk factors for malaria prevalence in India (Anvikar et al., 2016). Urbanization influenced malaria prevalence has escalated over the past two decades in India. According to the UN Department of economics and social affairs, 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas, which is expected to increase up to 68% by the year 2050 (UN Department of Economics and Social Affairs, 2018). This rise of urbanization predicts a massive rise in malarial prevalence, mainly, drug-resistant and mutated strains of Plasmodium. This also means that the government of India, along with the pharma industry has a bigger role to play in managing the new challenge of increasing drug-resistant malarial vectors in India. Read more »

Understanding public healthcare expenditures by the Government of India

Forecasting public health expenditure by the Government of India is an important aspect to assess the government’s effectiveness towards disease control and policy implications. Assessing the trend in the public healthcare expenditure by the central government, predicted that the public health expenditure will get doubled in the next five years. Expenditures will rise from 267000 crores rupees in the year 2018 to 486000 crores rupees in the year 2022 (Ministry of Health & Welfare, 2017). Read more »

Distribution of Plasmodium strains of Malaria in India

Plasmodium genus causes an estimated 438,000 global deaths annually. In India, mainly two species of Plasmodium is prevalent, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax (Siwal, et al., 2018). P. vivax accounts for 53% of the total malaria cases in India. However, more of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum have been identified in India over the last two decades. The burden of malaria in India is complex from highly variable malaria epidemiological profiles, transmission factors, and the presence of multiple Plasmodium species. Therefore this article explores the distribution of both strains in India in four states of India, i.e. Odisha, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. These states have indicated a consistent high cases of malaria. Read more »

Common associated malarial risk factors in India

Malaria is a vector-borne disease caused by Plasmodium, carried and spread by Anopheles species of mosquito. It is prevalent across the globe, largely in the countries near to the equator as well as tropical countries and is associated with many risk factors (Midekisa et. al., 2012). Associated malarial risk factors are largely favoured by the climatic and economic conditions. It largely occurs in the regions having high rates of precipitation, humidity, and rainfall making it optimum for the malaria vector to breed and flourish. Read more »

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