Category: Sociology »

Public health policy and guidelines for management of Asthma

Currently, 300 million people suffer from asthma globally, of that one-tenth reside in India. Nearly 4,89,000 people die annually due to asthma. Majority of fatalities occur in low- and middle-income countries, such as the Middle East and Africa (Masoli et al., 2004). Also, people with asthma in low- and middle-income countries suffer more severe symptoms in comparison to those in high-income countries. Read more »

Factors contributing to rise in food Allergy

Food allergy is a major pediatric health issue that is on the rise globally. The statistics suggest that food allergy has increased in many developed countries. It has also begun to increase in developing countries as well. The biggest issue remains the apparent surge of incidences in older children and teenagers. This age group poses a high risk of mortality due to food anaphylaxis. The behavioral tendencies often lead to a high number of anaphylactic deaths among teenagers. Read more »

Economic burden from Asthma in India and USA

Asthma presented substantial global burden, affecting 358.2 million people in 2015. A complex disease, it impairs the social, physical and psychological well-being of the affected. Furthermore, the asthmatic condition can be differentiated into controlled, partially controlled and uncontrolled. The differentiation finds its basis in the level of severity of clinical manifestations (Koshak, 2007). With respect to which the Global asthma report 2014 mentions the higher economic burden associated with the uncontrolled condition (The Global Asthma Network, 2014). Besides the level of manifestation, the level of development also finds an association with disease economic burden. In an attempt to bring out the economic burden borne by developing and developed regions, the discussion presents the case of USA and India. Read more »

Allergic asthma in developing and developed regions around the globe

Allergic asthma a well-known chronic disease, of heterogeneous nature, affects respiratory airways. It presents several phenotypes on the basis of the disease progress. These phenotypes form recognizable demographic and clinical clusters around the globe. These phenotypes include allergic asthma, non-allergic asthma, late-onset asthma, asthma with fixed airflow limitation and asthma with obesity. Amongst all the different phenotypes, allergic asthma is recognized most easily. It has become highly prevalent since the latter half of 20th century, in both developing and developed nations. Read more »

Cost of treatment care for allergic disorders

The discussions on allergic disorders till now emphasized on the prevalence and severity, besides highlighting the significant treatment options. Henceforth, it is essential to discuss the economics associated with the different treatment options. This demands the exploration of the cost of illness also known as the burden of disease. Read more »

Factors affecting spatial and temporal trends of an infectious disease epidemics

Epidemics of infectious diseases arise due to spread of the disease across individuals. It spreads within a geographical region over a period of time. When they spread at global level, it is referred to as pandemic. An infectious disease originates at a particular point. However, it spreads across communities and geographical regions. The temporal and spatial patterns of spread of different infectious disease are unique. Read more »

Spatial modeling in disease epidemic studies

Epidemiology of infectious diseases often require geographical information. Both spatial and temporal factors of a population can affect disease spread. Spatial factors refer to the geographical or topological factors associated with a disease. Temporal factors mean time-bound progress of a disease in a population. These factors influence the virulence of a disease, patterns of prevalence and also future incidents. Read more »

Common pipeline for statistical analysis in epidemiological studies

Previous articles discussed the need for statistical analysis and modeling of epidemiological studies in public health studies. Analysis in epidemiological studies typically requires descriptive and analytical methods. Descriptive analysis of epidemiological data includes hypotheses development. This is based on variability of disease outcome rates with demographic variables. On the other hand, analytical epidemiology determines cause or mode of disease epidemic outbreak. Read more »

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