Research can simply be explained as systematic search for knowledge. In order to successfully conduct a research, a research topic/subject has to be decided. The research process involves gathering data on the research subject and analyzing it to reach to a comprehensive conclusion. But the important questions here is; who will decide what should be searched and how it will be decided? The answer is that the researcher have to define the objectives and decide what needs to be searched. The researcher has full control on the research subject. But how it will be decided that what needs to be searched? It’s a tricky but involves a simple logic. In our daily lives, if we know our destination, we can choose a path to reach there.
Similarly in research, if we know what we are looking for then we can decide how we can accomplish it. Thus, we can say that the intended results define the framing the objectives. Here the objectives come into scene and gain importance.
Objectives give direction to the paper
The objectives in a study provide a clear direction. As soon as the researcher defines the objectives, the scope is defined. On the basis of the objectives, further processes are carried out including primary and secondary data collection, data analysis, drawing interpretation and conclusion of the research. All these research processes are dependent on the objectives and are carried out in accordance to it.
Objectives help to avoid any diversion from the topic
Once the researcher starts gathering data for the research, especially the secondary data, he/she comes across abundant data related to the research subject. The researcher often gets blinded by the wide amount of data available on variety of sources and frequently diverts from the core subject. The abundance of data brings in confusion as to which data to be utilized for present research and which data should be discarded. The objectives help the researcher to stick to the current research and avoid any diversion from the research topic.
Research objectives minimize wastage of resources
By preventing the researcher to deviate from the research topic, objectives minimize the wastage of researcher’s time, money and energy. Objectives help the researcher to concentrate on the current research. Wastage of the research resources is reduced with clearly-defined objectives and hence, efficiency of the study is enhanced.
Objectives ease the understanding of the research by the target audience
All research go in vain if the target audience i.e. the beneficiaries of the research fail to understand it. The objectives help the target audience to clearly understand the purpose of a particular research and it therefore eases understanding. Thus, objectives also make a research meaningful for the target audience.
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