Which is the most important part of a research writing and why?

In the course of studies at college or university, or later in your professional career, you may be required to write a research paper on a particular subject. However research writing should not be confused with the writing of an essay or a report. However, one need to apply  the writing skills which have acquired will need to be applied here as well. You must also bear in mind the cardinal virtues of clarity, order, relevance and economy. For research writing you should have an argument, an approach or an analysis to put forward. That is, your paper should not simply provide information. It should also present the findings or conclusion that result from your study of these data. However one should keep in mind some basic points by the beginner. These relate to the research, writing, citation, and bibliography required for the dissertation or the research paper.

The nature of your research will depend on your subject. It may involve experiments, field work, observational data, collection of samples, surveys etc. Research writing can also involve mathematical problem solving or reasoning from evidence. It may involve philosophical speculation or logic and may necessitate the study of books, manuscripts, pictures, recordings, archives, electronic media or other sources of knowledge. The materials on which your study is based on are called the primary sources. On the other hand  all the consultation of reference works, earlier studies, critical works and commentaries in the area of your interest constitute the secondary sources of the research.

Whatever the nature of the material you are studying, you need to keep a thorough and careful note of your work. Accurate note taking is the first and the most important element in the research writing. Both your own thoughts and observations, and the data you are collecting from different sources must be carefully recorded. Some people take notes in a notebook or on sheets of paper, while others prefer to put down on cards. Then one can classify it under subject-heads an filed in alphabetical order in a card index for easy reference. One can also store reference material in electronic form for easy transfer, storing and rearrangement.

The research once done needs to be carefully written down under various heads. The introductory part of the paper should set out both the subject of study and the parameters or limits within the major area of study. You may then proceed by briefly stating the argument . After that going on to substantiate it from the evidence that you have collected. Finally you should very briefly summarize the major points and present your conclusion.

Since for all that to be accurately presented, the research needs to be properly conducted. Similarly research is given the utmost importance in any paper. It serves as the basic framework acting as the supporting pillar to the paper. Often aspects like the presentation or language are given lesser importance in a well researched paper. This makes a lot of thinking and knowledge go into it. Hence before writing a paper, one must first and foremost think of something worth researching on and carry on a thorough study on it, for the research to be successful.

Priya Chetty

Partner at Project Guru
Priya is a master in business administration with majors in marketing and finance. She is fluent with data modelling, time series analysis, various regression models, forecasting and interpretation of the data. She has assisted data scientists, corporates, scholars in the field of finance, banking, economics and marketing.

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