Articles related to Epidemiological study for malaria

Influence of urbanization on the prevalence of Malaria in India

Urbanization is one of the many risk factors for malaria prevalence in India (Anvikar et al., 2016). Urbanization influenced malaria prevalence has escalated over the past two decades in India. According to the UN Department of economics and social affairs, 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas, which is expected to increase up to 68% by the year 2050 (UN Department of Economics and Social Affairs, 2018). This rise of urbanization predicts a massive rise in malarial prevalence, mainly, drug-resistant and mutated strains of Plasmodium. This also means that the government of India, along with the pharma industry has a bigger role to play in managing the new challenge of increasing drug-resistant malarial vectors in India. Read more »

Understanding public healthcare expenditures by the Government of India

Forecasting public health expenditure by the Government of India is an important aspect to assess the government’s effectiveness towards disease control and policy implications. Assessing the trend in the public healthcare expenditure by the central government, predicted that the public health expenditure will get doubled in the next five years. Expenditures will rise from 267000 crores rupees in the year 2018 to 486000 crores rupees in the year 2022 (Ministry of Health & Welfare, 2017). Read more »

Distribution of Plasmodium strains of Malaria in India

Plasmodium genus causes an estimated 438,000 global deaths annually. In India, mainly two species of Plasmodium is prevalent, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax (Siwal, et al., 2018). P. vivax accounts for 53% of the total malaria cases in India. However, more of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum have been identified in India over the last two decades. The burden of malaria in India is complex from highly variable malaria epidemiological profiles, transmission factors, and the presence of multiple Plasmodium species. Therefore this article explores the distribution of both strains in India in four states of India, i.e. Odisha, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. These states have indicated a consistent high cases of malaria. Read more »

Common associated malarial risk factors in India

Malaria is a vector-borne disease caused by Plasmodium, carried and spread by Anopheles species of mosquito. It is prevalent across the globe, largely in the countries near to the equator as well as tropical countries and is associated with many risk factors (Midekisa et. al., 2012). Associated malarial risk factors are largely favoured by the climatic and economic conditions. It largely occurs in the regions having high rates of precipitation, humidity, and rainfall making it optimum for the malaria vector to breed and flourish. Read more »

Government policy effectiveness against malaria using meta-analysis

In India, the key strategies to curb malaria incidences gets revised in every five-year plan under the guidelines of National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP). The Government of India focuses on two main intervention and control methods of malaria. Healthcare initiatives like Mukhyamantri Swasthya Seva Mission, and National Rural Healthcare Mission under the five-year plan and healthcare expenditure to support these missions. Malaria control and intervention are an integral part of these healthcare initiatives. In this regard, Meta-analysis study was conducted by using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) to assess the government policy effectiveness under the 5-year plan scheme in accordance with the malaria incidence and deaths over the time span of last five year plans. Read more »

Geospatial modelling to understand malarial prevalence

In the previous article, a trend-based assessment was conducted to show the prevalence of Malaria in India. Geospatial modelling is another form of trend based pictorial assessment used by the healthcare and pharmaceutical industry. This article presents state-wise malaria incidence data to test the patterns of prevalence of malaria in India between 2011 and 2015. Geospatial  modelling helps in comparing the intervention efficacy with respect to different states in India and the aspect that contribute to its inefficacy.  Read more »

The Government of India played a major role in curbing malarial prevalence

Malaria is a life-threatening infectious disease that is preventable and curable. It is mainly caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Common parasites that cause malarial prevalence in India are Plasmodium viviax, and Plasmodium falciparum. It is not only prevalent in India, but also in south-east Asia, Africa, and a few areas of the American continent (National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, 2017). Various techniques, strategies, and intervention methods are used to control and manage the prevalence of malaria. Read more »

Forecasting malaria incidences in India using the ARIMA model

The present article aims to predict the prevalence of malaria in India post-2017 (2018-2022). Therefore, the article presents a predictive assessment on the basis of secondary data available for malaria incidences in the period of 1998-2017. The predictive assessment uses the Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model. Epidemiological analysis help to prepare malaria prevention strategies with the help of forecasted trends in disease incidence. In addition, the model can help to predict mortality or incidence cases in future and plan new treatment or control methods in a specific geographical area. Read more »

We are looking for candidates who have completed their master's degree or Ph.D. Click here to know more about our vacancies.