Articles related to Impact of FDI

An overview of the Indian Pharmaceutical industry

The Indian pharmaceutical industry has emerged as the third largest country in the world in terms of volume with a turnover amounting to US $ 21.04 billion in 2009. In addition to this, the industry includes more than 20,000 licensed companies that employs 500,000 people (Industry, 2011). Furthermore, Indian pharmaceutical industry secured the top position among the science based industries through a range of capabilities in production and technology. In terms of market segmentation, leading 250 pharmaceutical companies have controlled 70 % of the market (PwC, 2012). Read more »

FDI inflow plays a vital role to shape the Indian economy

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a key driver for the growth in the Indian economy in the context of other developing countries. FDI inflow is the investment made by enterprises through joint ventures (JV) or mergers & acquisitions (M&A), to carry out business activities in host countries. Advantages of FDI inflow include:

  • building physical capital,
  • developing the skill of domestic labour force,
  • employment generation,
  • increasing productive capacity and
  • technology transfer and integration of the domestic economy with the world economy (Jayakumar, Kannan, & Anbalagan, 2014).

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An overview of the growing chemical industry in India

The Indian chemical industry has gained a major share in Asia’s growing contribution to the global chemical industry. It has also emerged as one of the preferred destinations for investment in the chemical industry worldwide (Chambers, Road, & Nadu, 2012). With the global share of 3 %, the Indian chemical industry covered a size of about $ 108 billion in 2012 and $ 290 billion in 2017 (Industry, Update, & Kapoor, 2018). Read more »

Establishing a relationship between FDI and air pollution in India

The previous articles in this study established how Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) affects the economic growth of a country. In India, in the last two decades, the inflow of FDI has grown significantly. Similarly, its environmental pollution has also been rising since 1991 due to an increase in economic activity. This article empirically investigates the impact of FDI on air pollution in India. In order to do so, it establishes a long run association between FDI inflows and air pollution in the post reform period, i.e. since 1991. The previous article identified the common air pollution indicators, of which Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions is the most significant. The figure below shows that total GHG emissions have increased drastically in India. Read more »

Common water pollution indicators and their use in economic studies

The previous article reviewed the indicators of air pollution and their use in economic studies. This article focuses on a number of water pollution indicators and their use in economic studies. This is because indicators of water pollution help analyse the impact of economic growth on the environment. Water pollution refers to the contamination of water by toxic elements and harmful chemical agents. It implies an alteration in the natural state of water including its physical, chemical and biological properties. Water pollution due to chemicals from industrial toxic releases. Read more »

Establishing a relationship between FDI and environment

The previous articles analysed the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the economy of India in the post-reform period. However, one cannot make a systemic assessment of the foreign investment without looking at the cost. The reason is simple. Rapid industrialisation has cost India its environmental health. Economic and environmental performances are complimentary for development because the environment provides all the natural resources necessary for the production of goods and services. Production leads to growth but the by-products and wastes create pressure on the environment, resulting in pollution. Read more »

Impact of FDI inflows on the rate of inflation in India

The previous article tested the relationship and investigated the impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the context of the Indian economy. The purpose of this article is to empirically examine the impact of FDI inflows on the rate of inflation in India. Therefore, this article considers the relation between FDI and another important macroeconomic variable namely rate of inflation. Read more »

Analysis to find impact of FDI inflows on GDP of India

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a vital catalyst for economic growth. Over the years, FDI has developed impressively in its significance for Indian economy especially after liberalization. The previous article highlighted the importance of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as one of the main indicators of economic performance of a country. The aim of this article is to empirically analyse and investigate the impact of FDI inflows on GDP in India after establishing long run association and causality between these two variables. Read more »

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