Articles related to introduction and literature review

PRISMA for systematic reviews and meta-analyses

The PRISMA framework or Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), is a set of guidelines or steps developed by Moher, (2013). These steps are useful for systematic literature reviews, critical literature analyses and meta-analyses. The PRISMA tool or framework uses a set of methods to systematically search papers and literature for review based studies. In addition, PRISMA is also based on the formulated inclusion and exclusion criteria in any type of study that systematically assesses the quality of chosen papers and either includes for the study or excludes for the study.

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What is the difference between systematic review and critical review?

Systematic review intends to find out the appropriate answers to the questions that have been developed in accordance with the research problem in a study. Thus, in accomplishing this objective, scholars implementing systematic review simply collect and present all the relevant scholarly evidence that confer to the eligibility criteria of an academic study.
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Systematic review of literature

A systematic literature review attempts ‘to identify, appraise and summarise all the empirical evidence. Evidence must meet pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. A systematic review of literature helps to develop the study that allows identification, quality, limitations and potential. Most importantly any significant study must be followed by a comprehensive review of the existing literature based on both qualitative and quantitative data. Read more »

Systematic review of forecasting models in disease epidemiology

In the previous article, the role and advantages of using forecasting models in disease epidemiology were discussed. Forecasting models are important tools assisting public health decision making. They help predict future disease trends, incidents and possible risks in a population or community. Read more »

Learn how to empirical review for your research

Empirical research according to Penn State University is based on “observed and measured phenomenon. It derives the knowledge from actual experience rather than from theory or belief”. Empirical review is a structured to answer specific research questions within a research paper. Therefore, it enables the researcher to find answers to questions like; What is the problem? Methodology used to study the problem? What was found? What do the findings mean? Read more »

How to master the art of critical writing in your research?

I started professional writing over 7 years ago when writing rules were simpler. There were only a handful of technical aspects to master in order to be a good researcher: be familiar referencing styles, get good data, use impeccable grammar, avoid plagiarism and write well. Read more »

Creating flow in a research paper

The problem of lack of flow in the research paper occurs mostly while writing the Literature Review. The following guidelines may help you in this regard. Read more »

Understanding critical analysis or review in a research paper

Critical analysis means you are identifying the problems or weaknesses of a previous research. That is the meaning of the word “critic”. For example, the job of a food critic is to criticise food served to him. He may like it or he may find faults and give suggestions to make the dish better. Similarly, a film critic will decide whether a movie was good or bad. Read more »

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