Thanks to the initiatives of the Government of India and various non-government organizations (NGOs) in context of spreading mass awareness on detrimental impacts of cigarette smoking that today even the kids are well aware that cigarette smoking is injurious to health. However,another side of the coin shows that these initiatives have definitely enhanced awareness among people, but it would not be correct to say that this awareness has motivated smokers to leave smoking. Concerns regarding smoking are justified on the ground that a smoker not only plays with his own health, but also with the health of everybody who comes into contact with cigarette smoke. Safeguarding the citizens against passive smoking or the exposure to secondhand smoke has also been a subject of concern for the government (World Health Organization). The increasing awareness among people about the deadly impacts of secondhand smoke and the government’s initiatives regarding putting a ban on smoking at public places is a worthwhile step in this direction. But this doesn’t mean that by not smoking in front of others will protect them from the toxic smoke of cigarette. There is another threat from cigarette smoke; the third-hand smoke (The Times of India dated May 30, 2010). An article in the Indian Express revealed that awareness about third-hand smoke is very low
What is third-hand smoke?
Third-hand smoke, as it is often called, is also known by the names, tertiary smoke and aged smoke. Third-hand smoke is the smoke that remains even after months in air, dust, and surfaces of the place where smoking has been done. This fact has been confirmed by Matt (2010) through a study where they concluded that even if the smoker’s home remains vacant for two months in a stretch and is regularly cleaned, third-hand smoke still exists in the air and dust, and on the surfaces like furniture, curtains, bed sheets and carpet of that home. Third-hand smoke also gets trapped into the hair, skin as well as clothes of the smoker and therefore anybody that comes into contact with the smoker or the place where smoking was done even months ago suffers the exposure of third-hand smoke. Winickoff et al. (2008) provided about third-hand smoke that this smoke remains long after the cigarette is extinguished.
Who are most prone to the impacts of third-hand smoke?
The studies on this subject establish that infants and children are most prone to the dangers of third-hand smoke. It is been established that children especially those who crawl on floor have a habit of getting their hands on everything lying on the floor and then putting these hands in the mouth. Roberts et al. (2009) claimed that infants and children are 100 times more sensitive to pollutants as compared to adults. The persons living in multi-dwelling units are also found to be highly prone to third-hand smoking. This is because in an apartment kind of housing facility, it is almost impossible to escape from third-hand smoke exposure if there are smokers in the neighborhood. Another study conducted by Los Angeles Bio-medical Research Institute (LA BioMed) highlighted the impacts of third-hand smoke on unborn babies. The study claimed that third-hand smoke negatively affects the lungs development of unborn babies and therefore recommended pregnant women to avoid any such places where smoking has ever been done in recent past.
- Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute. (April, 2011). “Study finds ‘thirdhand smoke’ poses danger to unborn babies’ lungs.” Retrieved from: http://phys.org/news/2011-04-thirdhand-poses-danger-unborn-babies.html
- Matt, G. (2010). “When smokers move out and non-smokers move in: residential thirdhand smoke pollution and exposure.” Tobacco Control. Retrieved from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com
- Roberts, J., Wallace, L., Camann, D., Dickey, P., Gilbert, S., & Lewis R. (2009). Monitoring and reducing exposure of infants to pollutants in house dust. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.
- “Third-hand smoke can harm your kids.” (May 30, 2010). The Times of India. Retrieved from: http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-05-30/mumbai/28319411_1_third-hand-smoke-cigarette-smoke-indoor-air
- Winickoff, J. P., Friebely, J., Tanski, S. E., Sherrod, C., Matt, G. E., Hovell, M. F., & McMillen, R. C. (2008). “Beliefs About the Health Effects of “Thirdhand” Smoke and Home Smoking Bans.” American Academy of Pediatrics.
- World Health Organization. “Passive Smoking.” Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/tobacco/en/atlas10.pdf