A dissertation is a statement whose veracity has been argued, demonstrated or justified in any way. Generally it states a scientific proposition, an axiom or a demonstrable fact. The university expects certain things from the dissertations students submit. The foremost part is the thesis statement. The thesis statement is derived from the scientific method. A thesis statement is the idea which is specific, grounded, and is publicly exposed. It can also be called a scientific theory since a theoretical basis can be considered as part of established knowledge. For many years, mainly in the context of medicine, a statement set out the gooseneck. The student’s ideas were subjected to an interrogation, an argument or evidence to support public dialectic possible objections that he opposed the examiners.
The next important aspect of a dissertation that the university expects is the hypothesis. A thesis statement is considered to be derived from a hypothesis which may not even exist with any initial evidence and facts that support can be largely undiscovered. A thesis is usually interpreted as a demonstrable proposition whose goal is to make valid, effectively meaning pragmatic conclusions from complex propositions. Thus, the university expects students to specify the goal and objectives of the dissertation clearly. The steps taken to validate or invalidate a hypothesis, to establish it as a thesis is represented by the research methodology. The university expects students to plan the mention the methods applied for research and to arrive to the conclusion. The methodology has to be provisionally justified. The thesis is the writer’s point of view. From this perspective, the conclusion of the arguments and argumentative text are created (ISO 7144, 1986).
The next important thing of a dissertation that any university expects in any dissertation is the proper literature review. The researcher should review best literatures supporting the thesis statement in this part of the dissertation. The literatures should be selected wisely and a number of sources are there from which the bests can be accessed online. The universities always want the literatures that are reviewed by the researcher should be current. The literatures should not be more than 5 to 7 years old and must be written by renowned authors.
Research methodology is the next thing that universities want in any dissertation. The primary data and secondary data involved in the research should be stated in this part. The research procedures and techniques must be defined here. The universities always want this part to be good as this is the most crucial part for any dissertation.
Another important thing universities want in any dissertation is data analysis. The data that has been collected through the surveys and interviews are analyzed here with suitable statistical methods. The hypothesis is also tested in this part of a dissertation. The last thing that is another important part for any dissertation is the conclusion. The conclusion should be brief and should tell about the research, not anything new.
- International Standard ISO 7144. (1986). Documentation—Presentation of theses and similar documents. International Organization for Standardization. Geneva.