Articles related to Biostatistics in epidemiological studies

Role of Political epidemiology towards infectious disease management

Political epidemiology towards infectious disease management primarily identifies needed factors for the evaluation of the efficacy of policies. These factors comprise of cases of incidence, mortality, and demographic values. Factors like existing policies and programmes for the eradication and control programmes help in comparison and assessment of infectious disease management programmes (Taylor, 2009). Read more »

Importance of epidemiological purpose in disease prevention

The epidemiological purpose of pharmaceutical industry comprises mainly towards the provision of quality drugs for prevention and intervention of emerging infectious disease (EID). Data gets collected in form of mortality rate, incidence rate and prevalence of the infectious agents. Epidemiological purpose also comprises of usage of statistics to not just explore the prevalence of diseases but also explore the efficacy of drugs (Ahmad et al., 2013). Usage of epidemiological studies helps to retrieve strain and genome-specific causal organisms of infections. Data gathered help development of the personalized and strain-specific drugs for disease prevention and intervention. Outcomes help the government in deciding better treatment plans, policies for drugs and set a budget for disease prevention and intervention. Read more »

Epidemiological data play an important role in healthcare policy making

Epidemiology is a branch of study that predicts the occurrences and patterns of diseases in different groups of the population. It helps in assessing the reason and factors behind the occurrence of a disease. Epidemiological data helps to plan and strategies to prevent and manage epidemic diseases or illness. Epidemiological findings thereby help Government and healthcare organisations to implement methods of prevention, intervention and policymaking. In addition, it also helps the pharmaceutical industries to assess clinically if the intervention methods or drugs or treatment methods are efficient enough for eradication and prevention of the disease. Epidemiology study is based on statistics and the evaluation of data in the implementation of policies and the control of infectious diseases. Read more »

Epidemiological purpose in emerging infectious disease management

The epidemiological studies play a major role in treatment planning and management of infectious diseases. Healthcare organizations have an epidemiological purpose towards infectious disease management by the provision of better treatment methods. This in turn help in policy implementation. Therefore, it is important to explore and analyze various epidemiological techniques employed for infectious disease management and also examine its role in deciding policies for the prevention and control of malaria in India. Read more »

Application of Meta-analysis in disease intervention research

In the previous article, various statistical methods and tools were discussed whereby meta-analysis is also an important statistical tool. Meta-analysis is a statistical technique that combines the findings from independent studies, such as clinical studies, epidemiological studies and intervention studies (Uman, 2011). There must be no biases in the study and one must always look for the presence of heterogeneity and explore the robustness of the main finding by calculating the sensitivity. Disease intervention is a technique used to either control, cure, or eradicate health-related issue or disease. Read more »

Need for epidemiology studies in today’s world

Epidemiology studies refer to the study of the rate of occurrence of diseases in different groups of people and to study their reason for the occurrence (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). This helps to evaluate the intensity of the situation and planning the strategies accordingly to prevent the disease to spread further and also manage the patients in which the disease is currently prevailing at times. Read more »

Role of epidemiology studies in the development of public health care policies

Epidemiology-based health care policies are systematic and objective assessments of the science including meta-analyses, decision analyses, and economic evaluations and involve primarily quantitative evidence (Barata, 2013). It is now evident from the previous article that; epidemiology has a major role in the development of public healthcare policies. Read more »

Factors that drive implementation of public healthcare policies

Public health has an enormous impact on the lives of people. Plans and public healthcare policies formed globally are based on various aspects and impeding factors. Health policy comprises of goals, rules, and actions. These have an impact on the health challenges and priorities that transcend individual countries and regions (Brugha, Bruen, & Tangcharoensathien, 2014). However, every country has its own ministry or authority that looks after proper implementation of policies. Read more »

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