Political epidemiology towards infectious disease management primarily identifies needed factors for the evaluation of the efficacy of policies. These factors comprise of cases of incidence, mortality, and demographic values.
The epidemiological purpose of pharmaceutical industry comprises mainly towards the provision of quality drugs for prevention and intervention of emerging infectious disease (EID). Data gets collected in form of mortality rate, incidence rate and prevalence of the infectious agents.
Epidemiology is a branch of study that predicts the occurrences and patterns of diseases in different groups of the population. It helps in assessing the reason and factors behind the occurrence of a disease. Epidemiological information helps plan and strategies to prevent and manage epidemic diseases or illness.
Epidemiology-based health care policies are systematic and objective assessments of the science including meta-analyses, decision analyses, and economic evaluations and involve primarily quantitative evidence (Barata, 2013).
Plans and public healthcare policies formed globally are based on various aspects and impeding factors. Health policy comprises of goals, rules, and actions. These have an impact on the health challenges and priorities that transcend individual countries and regions (Brugha, Bruen, & Tangcharoensathien, 2014).