Steps to follow while conducting research

By Abhinash on June 29, 2010
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Research papers are one of the major submissions to attain a degree. But how to go for conducting research is one of the major problem faced by many scholars. If you are sure by going to the library, reading articles books and posts online will help conduct the research, wake up!. This article will help you to write your research in flawlessly.

Topic selection

Selecting the right topic for your research is very important, it’s even important than writing the actual research paper. Thus its very important that you do not choose a topic in which you cannot find matter or in which you cannot collect. It is suggested that you choose a topic, which is easier and interesting to you. A common mistake that almost all make is that they tend to write a research paper which is complicated to the writer and tends to show it off as interesting to the reader.

But this may turn to be a nightmare when you start the research process. The reader will easily come to know while reading the report that has no interest in the topic and may mark your report as less appropriate. This is the last thing that you ever wanted. While selecting our topic you should cross check it to make it sure that you have enough data available to write the report easily. Always look for available works on your topic and its dimensions. Many a time you will find an angle that was missed by the researcher that you can cover up through your research. If you cannot, it’s not a problem, you can start with fresh work.

Conducting research and then its analysis

Before conducting research it is good to take suggestions and recommendations from everyone and do not overweight them. Plagiarism negative point in any research, avoid it strictly. If you are taking reference from a writer’s paper do not forget to properly mark it with all the credentials of the author.

There are two categories of research:

  • Primary Research:
    It is collecting of data which was never published or used anywhere. Primary research is conducted in different ways. Data can be collected through the interview method; in which different expert personnel are interviewed for information. It is a qualitative method of collecting data. The other method is through survey method; in which a target audience of let’s say 100 is targeted to get the response on different questions. A questionnaire is framed to get the response on different aspects.
  • Secondary Research:
    Secondary research is collecting information those where already collected by different related agencies which can be government agencies like the Census board of India; who collects information for a population of the country every year, articles of different authors who have already collected related material.

Analyzing the collected data

Its one of the crucial part of your research. The data collection needs to be designed with respect to what you want present in the analysis and the summary of your analysis should be explained in the objectives of your research. Now that you collected the required data, it needs to be analysed to prove your objectives. Use facts and statics of your collected data, this is what will interest your reader.

Conclusion and recommendation

The conclusion is the end of your study. Now that you proved your objectives in the Research & Analysis, its OK to ask that for what reason you should write a conclusion. The conclusion is a brief summary of your complete research. Many readers will simply emphasize upon reading your introduction and conclusion part of your research. Try to be very specific and take lots of references from the work and the results that your research has come to.

Now that you tried to include everything to prove your study but it is obvious that you cannot include everything related to the topic. Recommendations help future researchers who will be conducting in a similar field and may use your research in their study. Recommending them ways to overcome the difficulties.

I am currently working as a Research Associate. My work is centered on Macroeconomics with modern econometric approach. Broadly, the methodological research focuses on Panel data and Times series data analysis for causal inference and prediction. I also served as a reviewer to Journals of Taylor & Francis Group, Emerald, Sage.