Urbanization influenced malaria prevalence has escalated over the past two decades in India. According to the UN Department of economics and social affairs, 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas, which is expected to increase up to 68% by the year 2050 (UN Department of Economics and Social Affairs, 2018).
Plasmodium genus causes an estimated 438,000 global deaths annually. In India, mainly two species of Plasmodium is prevalent, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax (Siwal, et al., 2018). P. vivax accounts for 53% of the total malaria cases in India.
Associated malarial risk factors are largely favoured by the climatic and economic conditions. It largely occurs in the regions having high rates of precipitation, humidity, and rainfall making it optimum for the malaria vector to breed and flourish.
The aim of the study is to show that the prevalence of malaria is dependent on the health care expenditures by the Government. Therefore, in this case, the impact of expenditures by Government on malarial incidences has been assessed using inferential statistical analyses.
In this article the trends analysis of the malaria prevalence in India was done and also correlated with the trend of health expenditure made by the government of India, to study the relationships among them. Trend-based statistics help the health care members plan precautionary measures and generate awareness amongst the population prone to malaria (Vaiserman, et. al., 2016).