In the previous article, the importance of Nvivo as a computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software, along with types of qualitative data, it enables researchers to process and steps to import the same has been explained. Having understood the process of data import it is now necessary to ponder on managing imported data into the “Sources” menu, which will be reflected in the “Sources” window, described in detail here. “Sources” is a menu where one can save and manage all research materials including interviews, surveys, pictures, audios and any other type of files. This article covers four sections, the sub-folders of “Sources“, which in turn assists in importing and managing data:
- “Internals“ folder of “Sources” saves and represents research material.
- “Memos“ folder records thoughts, observations, insights and interpretations related to the material of research.
- “Externals” folder records information of material that one cannot import into a project.
- “Framework Matrices” is a tool that provides the way to summarize or condense source material in a grid.
Internals for managing imported data
One of the options available for managing imported data in Nvivo is “Internals”. It stores all the research material. The research material can be in the form of word documents (for interview transcripts) or PDF files (research material). “Internals” folder has further sub-folders comprising the text data in the form of word documents (for interview transcripts) or PDFs. These sub-folders can be arranged according to the methodology adopted for the research.
For example, one can mention three types of data collection methods– interviews, focus groups and literature review.
To create subfolders:
right click on Internals> New Folders
A box will appear namely “New Folder“, as shown in the below figure. Enter the name and description.
For example, for interviews, write ‘Interview’ as the name and ‘interview transcripts’ as description and click on “OK” .
Similarly, create a sub-folder for “Focus Group“ and “Literature review”.
Note: To add fourth sub-folder under “Internals” named as ‘Research Administration’. One can add it in similar manner as above.
Research Administration is constructed to add documents related to ethical approval before interviews, statement of participation, emails and other research administration documents.
Memo for managing imported data
“Memo” contains observations, insights and interpretations. One can import or create a Memo in Nvivo. Subfolders can also be created to organize the Memo. It can also be used to attach sticky notes to one or the other participant’s interviews. To create a memo, follow these steps:
Click on Memo> CREATE (Ribbon)> Memo Option> Dialogue Box
A detailed explanation of the utility of memos and their functioning in analyzing data has been provided here.
Externals for managing imported data
It represents source material that cannot be imported to a project.
For example, printed books or other articles that are available in hard copies.
This type of material is saved in Externals. To create external folders, follow the below-mentioned steps:
Click on External> CREATE (Ribbon)> External> Dialogue Box:
As shown in the figure, in the “Name” section, give the name of the book or author. In the “Description”, type the summary of points in the books or article. Furthermore, by clicking on the external tab, another page of the dialogue box will appear as in the below figure.
Here, one can mention the file link, weblink or another source of reference that cannot be imported in Nvivo.
Having explained the steps to manage transcripts and raw document in NVivo, the next article will show how to ‘break’ the responses of participants collected through interviews. Breaking of the transcripts will be done through generating nodes and auto codes identified from the responses fed into the software.