All articles by Diksha Tomer

Epidemiological purpose in emerging infectious disease management

The epidemiological studies play a major role in treatment planning and management of infectious diseases. Healthcare organizations have an epidemiological purpose towards infectious disease management by the provision of better treatment methods. This in turn help in policy implementation. Therefore, it is important to explore and analyze various epidemiological techniques employed for infectious disease management and also examine its role in deciding policies for the prevention and control of malaria in India. Read more »

Forecasting malaria incidences in India using the ARIMA model

The present article aims to predict the prevalence of malaria in India post-2017 (2018-2022). Therefore, the article presents a predictive assessment on the basis of secondary data available for malaria incidences in the period of 1998-2017. The predictive assessment uses the Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model. Epidemiological analysis help to prepare malaria prevention strategies with the help of forecasted trends in disease incidence. In addition, the model can help to predict mortality or incidence cases in future and plan new treatment or control methods in a specific geographical area. Read more »

Impact of Government healthcare expenditure on malaria prevalence

In the previous article, a trend based analysis was done to present malaria prevalence incidences and risks. The aim of the study is to show that the prevalence of malaria is dependent on the health care expenditures by the Government. Therefore, in this case, the impact of expenditures by Government on malarial incidences has been assessed using inferential statistical analyses.

The analysis outcomes help the political members to strategize the capabilities of the present government in controlling malaria and implement new policy based interventions. This also helps the political strategists in planning needed expenditures and investments against malaria prevalence intervention techniques. In addition, efficient and effective expenditure gets planned from the outcome. Pharmaceutical and healthcare industries from the private sectors and foreign investors may also use this outcome to help the Indian government in malaria control expenditures. Read more »

Application of Meta-analysis in disease intervention research

In the previous article, various statistical methods and tools were discussed whereby meta-analysis is also an important statistical tool. Meta-analysis is a statistical technique that combines the findings from independent studies, such as clinical studies, epidemiological studies and intervention studies (Uman, 2011). There must be no biases in the study and one must always look for the presence of heterogeneity and explore the robustness of the main finding by calculating the sensitivity. Disease intervention is a technique used to either control, cure, or eradicate health-related issue or disease. Read more »

Malarial prevalence with respect to public health expenditure in India

Malarial prevalence in India is a major health problem that is continuously prevailing in the country for a very long time. In the previous article, the factors prevailing from urbanization was presented, which is another reason for the increase or decrease of the prevalence of Malaria. The National Vector Borne Disease Control Program monitors the prevalence of malaria in India (Ministry of Health & Welfare, 2017). It is a surveillance body that monitors and evaluates the disease trends, epidemiology, and current status in India. It helps the government of India to make an essential decision regarding the public health expenditure to fight against the disease burden. Read more »

Need for epidemiology studies in today’s world

Epidemiology studies refer to the study of the rate of occurrence of diseases in different groups of people and to study their reason for the occurrence (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). This helps to evaluate the intensity of the situation and planning the strategies accordingly to prevent the disease to spread further and also manage the patients in which the disease is currently prevailing at times. Read more »

Role of epidemiology studies in the development of public health care policies

Epidemiology-based health care policies are systematic and objective assessments of the science including meta-analyses, decision analyses, and economic evaluations and involve primarily quantitative evidence (Barata, 2013). It is now evident from the previous article that; epidemiology has a major role in the development of public healthcare policies. Read more »

Factors that drive implementation of public healthcare policies

Public health has an enormous impact on the lives of people. Plans and public healthcare policies formed globally are based on various aspects and impeding factors. Health policy comprises of goals, rules, and actions. These have an impact on the health challenges and priorities that transcend individual countries and regions (Brugha, Bruen, & Tangcharoensathien, 2014). However, every country has its own ministry or authority that looks after proper implementation of policies. Read more »

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