With the opening of the economy in 1991, the contribution of the service sector to GDP increased leading to rapid urbanization.
The environmental policies of any country intend to bring its environmental concerns to the forefront in pursuit of sustainable development. India has emerged as the sixth largest economy in 2018. It is also the second most populous country in the world with over 1.35 billion people (World Population Review, 2018).
It leads to industrial and infrastructure development which in turn create job opportunities. However, these improvements sometimes come at the cost of a decline in the sustainability of the region if the adverse effects of economic expansion go unchecked for a long period of time.
Air contamination is defined as the presence of toxins that affect the environment (Vallero 2011). India, as a rapidly developing nation, needs to manage its ecological issues well to minimise contamination of air, water and soil.
In comparison with urbanisation and industrialisation process at the global level, India is moving on uniform pattern to become an urbanized country. The share of urban population in the country is growing by 6% per decade (Butsch, Sakdapolrak, and Saravanan 2012).