Allergic asthma is the most common type of condition and the most prevalent globally. However, there are various advanced treatment methods that are now available globally. Allergic asthma treatment methods are made possible by both allopathic and traditional medications (Ministry of AYUSH, 2018). Traditional medicines include Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and herbal medicines. Allopathic medications include steroids, leukotriene blockers and combination drugs that are mainly inhaled.
However, Erdem et al., (2015) found that steroids and leukotriene blockers have side effects like:
- difficulty breathing,
- abdominal pains,
- gastrointestinal tracts,
- liner and,
- drug hypersensitivities.
On the other hand, in a study by Kajaria et al., (2014) implicated that herbal treatment of diseases using ayurveda, unani, and other traditional medications using natural products and their byproducts shows no side effects. The researchers themselves worked on the treatment of asthma using Polyherbal compound in aerosol form and reported no side effect. This raises the demands of using alternative or traditional medications for the treatment of asthma.
Treating asthma with Ayurveda
Asthma in Ayurveda is known as ‘Tamak-Shvasa’. Treatment of asthma in Ayurveda comprises of a combination of Ayurvedic drugs, lifestyle management and dietary plans or ‘Shodhana Chikista’. The management of asthma in Ayurveda is based on the condition and the severity of the asthmatic conditions (National Health Portal, 2015). The main method comprises of removal of obstruction of the respiratory passage or ‘Svasavarodha’ and ‘Srotosuddhi’.
However, Pravin et al., (2015) stated that the treatment of asthma and its management is possible in three ways namely:
- Shamana Chikitsa,
- Shodhana Chikitsa and,
- Avegakalina Chikitsa.
Shodhana Chikitsa is further classified into three types of treatment methods ‘Vegakalina’ during the asthmatic attack, ‘Avegakalina” treatment during the absence of an attack, and ‘Vegakalina’. The following
|Ayurvedic name of compounds used||Common name of compounds used||Commercial product name||References|
|Lavanagadivati, Dhanvantar Gutika, Sathyadikashaya, Hinguadivati, Svasakasa chintamani ras, Svasabhairava ras, and Sirishadikashaya||Ginger, clove oil, eucalyptus oil, turmeric, and black pepper||Dabur dashmularista, Dabur Ashwagandha Churna, Baidyanath Rasnadi Guggulu.||(Pravin et al., 2015)|
|Til oil, Ardraka Arka, Chyavanprashsa, Vardhaman Pippali, Chausashta Prahari Pippali, Kantakari Kwatha, Naradiya Laxmivilasa Rasa||Menthol, Thymol and Camphor; Ginger, clove oil, eucalyptus oil, turmeric, and black pepper||Dabur Clove Oil, Himalaya Kapikachhu Capsule, Kerala Ayurveda Vasarishtam ||(Gholve et al., 2015)|
|Abhrakbhasma, Sameerpannag, Shwaskuthar, Gandharva Haritaki, Hingwashtak, Karpooradi, Samasharkara, Sitopaladi, Yashtimadhu, Narayan taila, Lavangadivati||Ginger, clove oil, eucalyptus oil, turmeric, and black pepper; medicated milk; Myrobalan, black salt, castor oil, clove, Indian long pepper, acacia, and camphor||Patanjali Lavangadi Tablets, Dabur Lauhasava, Baidyanath Basant Kusumakar Ras.||(Joshi et al., 2017)|
Treating asthma with Unani
Asthma in Unani is known as ‘Zeeq-un-
The treatment methods in Unani are based on regimental therapy (physical methods of treatment), pharmacotherapy (medicines from plants and plant extracts), surgery and diet therapy (restrictions of diet and lifestyle). However, to treat asthma only pharmacotherapy or ‘Ilaj-
|Ayurvedic name of compounds used||Common name/Scientific names of compounds used||Commercial product name||References|
|Leaves of Arusa, fruits of Filfil Daraz, roots of Kutki, flowers of Zufa and seeds of Kataan||Adhotoda vasica Nees, Piper longum Linn, Picrorhiza kurroa, Hyossopus officinalis Linn, Linum usitatissimum Linn.||Rex Sharbat Sadar, Rex Kaforex, Rex Nazlina ||(National Health Portal, 2015)|
|Root of Arusa, rhizome of Turmeric, stem of Giloe and the fruit of Katai and powdered filfil||Adhatodavasica, Curcuma longa,Tinospora cordifolia, Solanum surattense, Piper nigrum,||Dehlvi Asmacap Capsule, Rex Kaforex ||(National Health Portal, 2015)|
|A mix of roots and leaves||Clove, warm water, garlic, ginger, black peeper, and plant extracts.||Dehlvi Asmacap Capsule, Rex Kaforex, Dardmand Rais Un Nafas ||(National Health Portal, 2015)|
Treating asthma with Siddha
Siddha is another traditional medication where asthmatic conditions is referred to as ‘Eraippu
|Siddha name||Common or scientific name||Commercial drug||Reference|
|Athimathuram, arathai, adathodai, kanchori, thippili, shambirani, manjal, kottam, vaivilangam, kalathi, korai, kanduparangi, velakkai, thuthuvalai, kandangattari, milagu. ||Alpinia officinarum Hance, Piper longum Linn, Styrax benzoin Dryand, Curcuma longa Linn, Embelia ribes, Clerodendrum serratum, Ficus tsiela Roxb, Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz, Solanum trilobatum Linn, Solanum surattence Burm.f, Piper nigrum Linn.||Dabur Shwaasamrit, Castor Oil Amanakku Vilakku Ennai, SKM Viigorwin legiyam. ||(National Health Portal, 2015)|
|Tulasi, kandankathiri, adathodai, kanchankorai, karisalai Ponnankani, uthamani, thumbai poo, Impooral, and manathakkali ||Ocimum sanctum, Justicia adhatoda, Ocimum album, Eclipta prostrate, lternanthera sessilis, Pergularia daemia, Leuces aspera, Oldenlandia unbellata, and Solanum nigrum||SKM Viigorwin legiyam||(National Health Portal, 2015)|
Treating asthma with Homoeopathy
The treatment method of Homoeopathy is based on the usage of secondary metabolites extracted from plants and on the law of similars. According to which certain symptoms of a healthy person can have a curative effect on a sick person who has similar symtoms (National Health Portal, 2015). Asthma is a multi miasmatic disorder, and its treatment is almost the same as in other traditional methods.
The treatment is not just to suppress the symptoms but to mitigate underlying causes. The most commonly used homeopathic remedies for asthma comprise of
- Aralia Recemosa,
- Blatta Orientalis,
- Natrum Sulph and,
- Nux Vom
These compounds are found in commercially available drugs such as Dr Reckeweg Teucrium Marum Verum, Dr Reckeweg Aurum Muriaticum Natronatum, and SBL Gnaphalium Polycephalum.
Treating asthma with SOWA-RIGPA
Although there is a lack of documentation for the treatment of asthma Sowa-
- Aconitum violaceum Jacquem. ex Stap,
gerardianaWall. ex Stapf,
- Hyoscyamus niger L,
harmalaL; and Dawa.
Hussain, & Tamchos, (2013) identified Withania
Traditional methods for asthma treatment in India
AYUSH traditional methods of medication for asthma treatment mainly comprises of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy, and Sowa-
- Angmo, K., Adhikari, B. S., & Rawat, G. S. (2012). Changing aspects of traditional healthcare system in Western Ladakh, India. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 143(2), 621-630.
- Dawa, S., Hussain, A., & Tamchos, T. (2013). Medicinal and aromatic plants as a viable livelihood option for the people of Jammu and Kashmir. Indian Horticulture Journal, 3(1and2), 40-42.
- Erdem, S. B., Nacaroglu, H. T., Karkiner, C. S. U., Gunay, I., & Can, D. (2015). Side effects of leukotriene receptor antagonists in asthmatic children. Iranian journal of pediatrics, 25(5).
- Gholve, S., Nadarge, S., Todkar, G., Bhusnure, O., & Thonte, S. (2015). A Review On: Holistic Approach For Management Of Asthma. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 4(4), 1116-1134, ISSN 2277– 7105.
- Joshi, K. S., Nesari, T. M., Dedge, A. P., Dhumal, V. R., Shengule, S. A., Gadgil, M. S., … & Valiathan, M. V. S. (2017). Dosha phenotype specific Ayurveda intervention ameliorates asthma symptoms through cytokine modulations: Results of whole system clinical trial. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 197, 110-117.
- Kajaria, D., Tripathi, J., & Tiwari, S. (2014). Anti-asthmatic effect of Shirishadi compound through nasal spray actuation. Ayu, 35(3), 261.
- Ministry of AYUSH. (2018). AYUSH systems. Available online: http://ayush.gov.in/ (accessed on 18-2-2019).
- National Health Portal. (2015). Unani. Available online: https://www.nhp.gov.in/unani_mty (accessed on 18-2-2019).
- Pravin, M., Vedika, A., Patel, K., Kori, V. K., & Rajagopala, S. (2015). An evidence based review on ayurvedic management of tamaka shwasa (bronchial asthma). Int. J. Ayur. Pharma Research, 3(2), 11-18.