How to come up with a research topic?
From the point of view of an academician, selecting a well-studied and appropriate research topic means that the researcher will conduct and will garner the interest of readers. When considered from the standpoint of a scholar, choosing the right research topic indicates that the researcher has a clear idea of the course he has been enrolled on.
Now the most overwhelming question that needs to be addressed is how to choose the right topic. While the task might appear challenging but these tips can ease the process.
Monitoring recent developments and publications
Develop a habit to explore and read other people’s work that has been acclaimed by universities in your domain. This should be followed by the identification of the common research problems that have been dealt with by the authors. This will give you an idea of the research problems and gaps that can be taken up for further study. Say, for instance, some of the latest research works related to Human Resource Management discuss the significance of the strategic human resources, a relation between HRM and job loyalty or employee commitment, HR practices for managing a diverse workforce, and so on. Ideas can be taken from research problems like these to come up with a topic.
Identifying topics from the mainstream media
The mainstream media can be a great source to look out for research topics. Basically, the mainstream media helps in identifying the trending social, political, economic or environmental issues that need further exploration. For instance, when demonetization was announced in India, pioneering agents of mainstream media like newspapers and television discussed the issue from various dimensions. This provided many research scholars with gaps to further research.
Finding research gaps
Every research has some research gaps that the author failed to address. Keeping track of the most commonly occurring research gaps corresponding to your subject can be a great to further research on. For instance, while making a survey of Early Childhood Care And Education (ECCE) programs offered by emerging countries, a common research gap is often found. This research gap indicates the challenges that emerging countries face in implementing ECCE in rural schools that have still not been addressed properly. Thus, such topics corresponding to the research gap could become the topic for your research.
Adding value to old research
A thorough survey can be made of the research topics that have been taken up by other scholars in the same field in other universities. A simultaneous survey can be made of the new ideas introduced by new scholars in the same area. Then both the ideas can be combined to develop a new topic. For instance, there are lots of research on the role of human resource management in enhancing employee productivity. On the other hand, new scholars have recently introduced the idea of automation in HRM. Now, both these ideas may be combined to develop a thesis topic like “The role of automated HRM processes in enhancing employee productivity”.
Find topics with limited or no past work
There are some topics that have not been explored as much as they should have been to build a strong foundation for a research topic. The limited availability of scholarly works on such subject areas makes it quite challenging for researchers to carry on further research works on a related topic. Surveys of such topics can be made and taken up as the focus topic so that the study conducted on the subject proves significant. For instance, herding is a frequently occurring stock market phenomenon in Middle Eastern countries. But an appropriate number of research works have not been conducted yet on topics like what factors encourage herding among institutional investors of the Middle Eastern economies, specific times when Middle Eastern stock market investors tend to herd, or differences in herd behaviour among investors of different Middle Eastern countries. Thus, inspiration for the right thesis topics can be collected from these.