Soil is formed from the gradual breaking and weathering of rocks and covers of the landmass of earth as a thin layer. It is a complete ecosystem in itself and its maintenance is of utmost importance for the continuity of life processes of microbes, plants and animals. However, the quality of soil ecosystem is compromised due to increasing human activities resulting in release of pollutants. Furthermore, one such pollutant contributing to soil pollution is the discharge of high concentration of heavy metals (as shown in the figure below). Most noteworthy, Lead occurs most abundantly on Earth, constituting 0.002% of the total crust (1). This article discusses the need for Lead bioremediation in soil. Furthermore, the use of bio-remediation to mitigate the impact has also been discussed.
The agricultural sector in India is the main source of livelihood for more than 70 percent of the rural population. Similarly half of the households in the rural population show some sign of poverty (Singh & Walis 2015). In this scenario if the main aim of the Indian government is economic development and poverty reduction, then the priority should be the growth of the agriculture sector.
One of the major reforms in the agriculture sector in recent years is the inflow of foreign direct investment. Even though most of the areas in agriculture sector is still closed for the foreign investment. There has been significant increase in foreign investment in several sectors.
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Agriculture has been the backbone of human existence since time immemorial. It has also seen much advancement over the years. However, the agricultural practices carried out in India are still largely traditional. Indian agriculture technology have many limitations as compared to modern agricultural technologies around the world. The main differences, similarities, advantages as well as disadvantages of the two types are discussed in this article. Read more »
Agriculture sector in India is considered to be the backbone of its economy. Agriculture is source of livelihood for more than 70% of Indians in the rural areas. It contributes around 18% to the total Gross Domestic Product of India (Department of Agriculture & Cooperation & Statistics, 2014). Similarly agriculture sector in India is also the largest employer contributing 49% of the total workforce. Apart from employment, agriculture also plays an important role in food security. Read more »
This article tries to bring in to limelight the Indian agricultural scenario along with contrasting positive as well as negative changes that it has undergone in the past few years. Introduction of new and improved technology has created new means to look forward in the area of agriculture. On the other hand, the vagaries of Indian weather, especially monsoon has affected the farming population at large. Read more »
Machines and irrigation systems are not sufficient for increasing the crop output; hence plant engineering and food preservation technology plays a big role in increased output of crops yield. Fertilisation, mixed breeding, genetic modification and pest management are some ways by which crop productivity has increased manifold. Read more »
Agriculture is the backbone of a society, as it is the only vertical that sustains its people. Many countries invest highly in research and development in improving agricultural practices, seed development, crop improvement and post harvesting technology to improve their yield and quality. Read more »
Agriculture with a 54.6% share in India’s total employment and 17.5% share in India’s economy has become one of the important pillars of India’s developmental process (Chand 2014). But over the years, its less-than-impressive performance has raised concerns for Indian government. In 2013-14, the contribution of agriculture and allied sector to the total growth reduced to 4.6% from 5.8% in 2007-08 (Ministry of Agriculture, 2014). Read more »