With the increasing pace of development in the agriculture and manufacturing industries, there is a release of a large amount of biomass waste into the environment.
Bioremediation helps cleaning up polluted environments, including soils, groundwater, and marine environments. Such systems can include bacteria, fungi, algae and plant species. They are capable of metabolizing, immobilizing or absorbing toxic compounds from their environment.
It is possible by the virtue of harvesting of energy from by-products of bioremediation processes. The harvesting of probable waste products like various gases and growth mediums makes this method eco-friendly and cost-effective.
Phytoremediation is a method which involves growing plants in a contaminated matrix to remove environmental contaminants.It is the direct use of living green plants for the removal and degradation of contaminants in the soil as well as water bodies (Hassani et al. 2014).
Gene ontology analysis can assist in phytoremediation studies to mitigate dangerous pollutants.
Under gene ontology, concepts and classes are used to define a gene function along with the relationships existing between these concepts.