How to write the problem statement in a research paper?

A problem statement is a brief overview of the issues or problems existing in the concerned area selected for the research. It is an explanation of the issues prevalent in a particular sector which drives the researcher to take interest in that sector for in-depth study and analysis, so as to understand and solve them (Saunders et al. 2009).

Purpose behind writing problem statement in any research study is to:

Problem Statement

Problem Statement

Components of problem statement

The word count of problem statement for a thesis or dissertation should be in range of 150-300 words. The problem statement in any research therefore includes four important segments i.e.

  1. Background of the Problem: Here you can reflect on facts related to the problem to make the reader understand about the gravity of the problem.
  2. Anchor: How one needs to resolve this problem in the  research paper.
  3. General problem: How is impacts a larger population.
  4. Specific problem: How it impacts your sample population.

Example 1 (Quantitative Study)

  1. Background of the problem: The high attrition rate in manufacturing organization is creating anxiety and fear among the employees and thus affecting the productivity of the organization as a whole.
    Here you need to refer to previous research done in the past in the manufacturing sector to determine the key reasons for high attrition rate. It should stimulate the reader to read further.
  2. Anchor: This must include a statistical value to magnify and elucidates the problem.
    Here you can present the attrition percentage within the manufacturing industry and compare it with the case company.
  3. General Problem: The general business problem is to determine the financial lost to the organisation.
    The general business problem needs to just outline the problem.
  4. Specific Problem: Since high attrition rate is affecting the overall productivity of the employees it is in turn affecting the performance of the organization. In order to do so one needs to determine the relationship between employee productivity and organisational performance.
    This is narrower in scope than the general business problem and focused around need of the study which allows easy transition to Need of the Study.

Example 2 (Qualitative Study)

  1. Background of the problem: There has been increase in workplace deaths of miners from 2010 to 2011 (Cite here).
  2. Anchor: Study conducted by XYZ (Year) indicates that 7 out of 10 deaths in mining industry are due to abc reasons (Cite here).
  3. General Problem: The cost of workplace deaths negatively influences profitability to the business workers.
  4. Specific Problem: There is little information on what measures can be undertaken to reduce the workplace death toll.

General problems with problem statement

Quite often students are not able to frame their problem statement properly as they miss out on one or the other component or get confused on what to include or not. Most common problems which are observed have been highlighted below which will improve your ability to write problem statement:

  1. Unable to clearly identify the research problem.
  2. Often confused with research questions of the study.
  3. The problem is not encouraging enough for the researcher to read further.
  4. Not data driven i.e. NO citations.
  5. More than 300 words.
  6. Not focused with the research subject.

Problem statement checklist

To summarise, I have developed this checklist which needs to be kept in mind when writing your problem statement. It includes a list of all the things which should be included in your problem statement

Criteria Yes No
150-300 words
Background of the Problem  
Enticing and Stimulating
Citation (no older than 5 years)
Statistical reference to define the problem
Citation (No older than 5 years)
General Business Problem
Specific Business Problem

Further Reading

  • Saunders, M., Lewis, P. & Thornhill, A. (2009) Research methods for business students, 5th ed., Harlow, Pearson Education.
  • Bryman, A. (2008) Social research methods, 4th edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  • Collis, J. & Hussey, R. (2009) Business Research: A practical guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students, 3rd edition, New York, Palgrave Macmillan.

Shruti Datt

Project Handler at Project Guru
Shruti is B-Tech & M-Tech in Biotechnology. Some of her strengths include, Good interpersonal skills, eye for detail, well devised analytical and decision making skills and a positive attitude towards life. Her aim in life is to obtain a responsible and challenging position where her education and work experience will have valuable application.
She is a true Piscean. She loves doing things to perfection with passion. She is very creative and likes to make personalized gifts for her dear ones, this is actually something that keeps her going. Shruti loves adventure sports and likes river rafting and cliff jumping.
Shruti Datt

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  1. thanks is really helpful for my research

    • Thank you destain
      In case you need any help with your research then we will be happy to help.

      • hello! I have a big problem on how to make a problem statement about my thesis entitled “importance of gender sensitivity addressing the dillemas of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students” can you help me because I’m so exhausted 🙁

      • please help me, this is my first time making a research paper and I really don’t know how. My topic is privacy preserving public auditing data storage in cloud computing?
        can guide me or will write a problem statement so i can continue my work

      • Hey Shruti, Good day! I am doing research on the topic “media perpetuate gender stereotypes but am finding it hard formulating a problem statement. how do i go about this. Thank you

      • Pls, help me with this .
        The approved title of the final year project is “A Demography study of Hausa hip hop artist in Metropolitan Kano”., Pls help me to high light any concrete, significance and communication or media related problems associated with the study, thank you.

      • Dear Mercy,
        For your research, you can highlight the following points in the problem statement:
        1) how hiphop music and artists are on the rise in Kano region and why?
        2) What are the commonalities that exist among all such artists in Kano?
        3) There is presently demographic study on Hausa hiphop artists in Kano.
        4) This study is important for future artists as well as the music industry in nurturing future talent.
        Hope this helps!

      • hi can i ask a question? Its so hard for me to make an statement of the problem and objective of the study in my research, can you suggest me somee problem? my topic is all about “teachers fault or parents: Student attitude problem of Grade 11 students” pleaseee iy you read this can you replyyyy. thankyouuuu 🙂

    • miss Shruti, Thanks for the article. it’s open my mind a bit, because i have not doing my paper (about linguistics) in a long time and i dont have any ideas to continue this.

      the tittle of my paper is “an analysis of Register used by audio engineers”, would you please to help me to decide what’s problem statements?

      thank you very much 🙂

      • Dear Dee,

        I would first like to understand what are these “registers”. Can you please elaborate?

  2. Good stuff for a junior reseacher like me

  3. Can you help me on the statement of the problem for my research. Thanks

  4. can u help me on the problem statement

  5. Can you help me on the statement of the problem for my research. Thanks

  6. Dear Phaviithtirrah,

    Yes, we can surely help you with the problem statement. Please share your research details with us.


    Thanks,very helpful im writing my research paper – im on the problem statement


    good can i write a statement of problem from this question “COMPLAINS AGAINST THE RELEVANCE OF COUNCIL OF STATE”

  9. Dear Gyasi,
    You need to define the problem in hand, how many complaints? Are there any actions being taken against it?
    Based on this you can suggest that you will bring forth the problem and suggest strategies to overcome same.

    • Good morning! Please help me with how to state a problem pertaining to this topic “Factors associated with mass failure of student in English language in Secondary Schools.”

    • good day can you please help me with the problem statement,my topic is CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS RED MEAT AND WHITE MEAT CONSUMPTION


    • Dear James,
      You can place an order with us so that we can help you in developing your problem statement.


    Thank you.
    a very good guide for research. Thumps up

  12. Financial sector reform stability and industrialisation in Nigeria.

    • Dear Gloria,

      You need to know if there is enough stability and industrialization in Nigeria? If not then why not? What are these challenges? You can thus conduct this research to determine these challenges.

  13. Influence of crm in purchasing behaviour

    • Dear Mudathir,
      There are different factors which make up CRM, you need to first define the industry you want to focus on and then emphasize on why and which factors of CRM can influence purchase behaviour.

  14. Please i need help with my research paper

  15. please send me a complete sample of qualitative and quantitative statement problems

    • Dear Tom,
      We have explained the quantitative and qualitative study based methodology above. We do not have any samples for same.

  16. Joseph Karimbika

    could you help come up with my problem statement on the topic” impact of poor drainage system nextwork in Lusakasa district,, myu focus area is Knayama compound”

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Joseph,
      Your problem statement would involve knowing the source of poor drainage system, in what way is it affecting people and surroundings, are there enough studies and policies addressing the same, and how your approach will help address the same.
      For more detailed assistance, your can place an order of the same with us. We would be happy to help you out. 🙂

  17. please how many A4 paper pages should my problem statement contain for my project. thanks

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Hello Gold

      To begin with your query, content and word count of a problem statement entirely depends on the study aim and scope. Like, if a study is one of a kind, bringing out an entirely novel observation, problem statement will be more explanatory. Therefore, there is no particular size frame to follow. However, in general, it sould not be more than 1.5 pages (A4 size).

  18. please what are my significant of study for the topic “tax evasion and growth of Small and medium scaled enterprises”

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Gold, to understand the significance of your study, you need to check are you bringing out a completely new and different solution to the exisiting problem? Are there very few studies available which provides details on the issue? If no, is your study aims to provide such details? Is the method you are using is much more fullproof in dealing with the issue? Are you recommending any concrete model at the end of the study to help SMEs, which till now has not been proposed? Answering these questions and related others will bring out the significance of the study.

  19. Hello!I need a help in stating a problem for this topic “Factors associated with mass failure of students in English language in Secondary Schools.”

    • Dear Musa,
      You need to first identify the problem in hand. Reflect on the trends of students who have failed, also determine if the trend increasing over the period. What are the challenges for same?
      Once you have presented the problem in hand, you can reflect on what information is there and what you are going to find out in the present research.

  20. Sorry! Also how to justify it

  21. hello,
    can u help me too with my research problem statement…
    my topic is “Relative effectiveness of recruitment methods used in an organisation”

  22. Hi Nidhi,
    You need to reflect on the problem of turnover in your case organization to reflect on the need of effective recruitment methods within and organization.
    Or in case you are focusing on a specific industry/sector then you need to reflect on the trend of high turnover intention so as to reflect on importance of recruitment methods and their effectiveness.

  23. hi
    can u help me problem statement in research and significance of problem statement, and techniques of stating research problem.

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Ansa,

      Kindly let us know your research topic and aim to help you understand the significance and techniques of stating research problem, related to your study.

  24. Hi. My research is ” The imapct of interest rate changes on banks profitability ”
    What my research problem would be

    • Dear Maaytah,
      The problem statement would entirely depend on bank profitability before the change in interest rate. Further studies reporting change in bank profitability should also be considered when defining the problem statement.

  25. Hello, I want to know the problem statements for the topic, “early physiotherapy intervention for patients 1-month post stroke has better prognosis. Also want to know what are the 5 good research problems.

    • Dear Shilpa,
      You need to cite cases wherein such a incident has happened and there is positive impact on same. Then you need to define the patient group that you will be studying to determine the impact and then define why it is important to study same in your patient group.

  26. it is a big big help for me ..

  27. Creation of state police in Nigeria problems and prospects

  28. Pls kindly help me in finding problem statement for Creation of state police in Nigeria problems and prospects

    • Dear Francis,
      You need to first report the problems Nigerian population is facing to suggest a solution of state police. Once the problem is defined, you have to suggest that state police might be able to solve them, but how? Would you be conducting survey among the nigerian population to know if they need the state police?
      I hope this helps.

  29. why is it that general problem and specific problem important?

    • Dear ChanPark,
      That is indeed a good question. Importance of general problem lies in the fact that it lays the foundation to bring the leader to a specific problem. We initiate by defining a broader issue/problem in hand and then move to defining the specific problem to narrow down our scope of research. This enables the reader to know what us unique in your research.

  30. Hi..good day..may i know what is the state of the problem of my research entitled:effect on Pollution of Diversity Marine gastropods in the intertidal area.thanks!

    • Hi Rizza,
      That is indeed a very interesting study, but I think the title is Effect of Pollution on diversity of Marine Gatropods. You need to first define the gravity of situation in the specific area. What are the pollution levels? how is the diversity decreasing? then discuss about how your study will highlight the problem and if you would be giving recommendations on same.

  31. Pls how can you help me with my research work

  32. OK. So, Hemorrhoid is a vast topic and you will first have to narrow down your research by framing research aim and objectives of the study. Once that is done, the problem statement can be easily defined.

  33. How can we write a statement of the problem with the topic Learning styles of BSE-English-Chinese?

  34. Can u help me sir for my statement of the problem about “impact of cooperative society on economic development” thanks

    • Dear Joe,
      You need to first define what is a cooperative society, then based on the empirical research which highlights different impacts of cooperative societies you can reflect same for economic development.
      Further, how will your research identify in what country, or in what sectors of economic development should be defined.
      I hope this helps.

  35. Greetings Shruti, please how can I write Statement of Problem on ” Prevalence of Salmonella and shigella spp on poultry feeds, droppings and water “. Thanks

    • Dear Daniel,

      Prevalence of Salmonella spp. especially in Poultry feeds is a fairly common phenomenon. So, your problem statement should reflect on what are the outcomes on their presence? what are the outcomes of contamination? how does it affect its stakeholders?
      Also, if you are highlighting the problem in your thesis project, then are you going to suggest any remediation as well? If so what are these?
      I hope this helps.

      • Dear Shruti, I really appreciate your answer to my question, I don’t know if you can throw more light or elucidate on it once again. example by highlighting
        on what should be the outcomes on their presence? what are their outcomes of contamination? how does it affect its stakeholders?
        Thanks. May God bless you real good

      • Dear Daniel,
        Where is your study based? Which city? How many poultry farms are there?
        Based on these questions you can identify literature in your region on what are the issues and outcomes of these issues?
        Issues could be related to milling process, and in terms of outcomes how much is feedstock is destroyed or wasted?

  36. hi, mrs Shruti. I need u opinion about my topic “sustainable manufacturing practices & sustainability performances”

    it the topic is general?

    how to write a problem statement

    Thank you for u attention.

  37. Dear Roses,

    The topic is not general as long as you define the country and sector in which manufacturing has to be reviewed.
    The problem statement needs to focus on defining the current practices and how they are not sustainable. Based on the factors which you identify, survey can be conducted among manufacturing companies to determine the relationship between manufacturing practices and sustainable development.

    I hope this helps.

    • DEAR Shruti
      Could you help me in writing problem statement of the research work entitled “Estimation of global solar radiation using Angstrom model on meteorological parameters of Nepal”

  38. Hi ! How would I write my problem statement if it’s regarding ” the decrease in student intakes in a certain college ” ? Thanks !

    • Dear Chi,

      You will first have to decide the geography of the colleges or if you are taking a specific college then you will have to define, the trend in decline in last 1-5 years. Then from the literature you can point at the reasons reflected in previous research studies.
      Finally, reflect on the methodology which you would be following to get answers to your questions and why it is important to take this research forward.

  39. please help me to write problem statement for patients’ perception towards nursing care.

    • Dear Sampath,

      There are several incidences of post-operative problems which can be attributed to lack of proper nursing care. You will have to reflect on the problems faced by the patients from different research studies and also reflect on why understanding the perception is important.
      You can quote specific statistics from case hospitals or city that you are targeting for same.
      Based on this your problem statement can be defined.

  40. pls I need a statement of problem on “corporate governance and performance of mfbs in Nigeria

    • Dear Beulah,

      The corporate governance mechanisms have been found to impact the performance of MFIs. You need to further reflect on the mechanisms which have been adopted in Nigeria or if not, then why is there a need to adopt mechanisms.
      Based on these questions you can develop your problem statement.

      • please assist me on how to write statement of problem on my topic Role of corporate governance on perceived fraud on parastatal firms.

  41. Dear Shruti, good day to you. I badly need your help, I don’t know how we will write our problem statement about pine tree bark extract as alternative for vitamin c, can you suggest some details so that I can start? Thank you in advance

    • Dear Elaine,

      You will first have to report the advantages of Pine tree bark as have been indicated in the literature. Further you will have to draw comparisons with Vitamin C and then reflect that although not much research has not been done on same, your study will draw useful insights on the advantages of Pine tree bark as an alternative.
      You can also emphasize about the availability, that it is not used as per the abundance and if it needs any treatment before being used.

      I hope this helps.

  42. Hi Shruti. Good day. Can I ask for help with the problem statement of my research? It’s entitled “Women’s Viewpoint to Gender Discrimination at their Workplace: Call Center Agencies and other BPOs” I don’t know how to start and I happened to see your article. It informed me a bit, but I would be happy if you will help me further. Please. And thank you in advance.

    • Dear Bien,

      Firstly you have to reflect on the statistics about the adversity of gender discrimination, as in what percentage of women have reflected same in previous studies.
      Then on what grounds are they discriminated can be used to support your proposition.

      If the statistics are alarming, then you can reflect upon the need for study.

      I hope this helps.

  43. byiringiro janvier

    please can u help me to get the problem statement to this topic: impact of technology on service delivery in financial institutions with bk as a case study

    • Dear Janvier,

      You will first have to emphasize on different technological advancements which have come up in last half decade mostly with the introduction of Artificial intelligence.
      Then relate it with the impact of technology adoption on financial institutes as reported by the literature.

      Based on this you can mention the need to study same in the case study.

      I hope this helps.

  44. Hi, Can you help me create a statement of the problem regarding this topic: “Comparing the effects of urine and rice water to mongo plants against commercial fertilizer”. Thank you!

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Greetings Dianne!

      You can develop your problem statement by reflecting on issues related to commercial fertilizer on mango plants and alternative or organic option. Amongst organic options, what is the significance of urine and rice water,and degree of usage. This will form the background of need to compare both the options.
      Later you can reflect on studies which have worked on such comparision and in what way your study is different or unique in its contribution.

  45. hi sir can you help me create a statement of the tropic “the impact of green supply chain management practices on organizational performance : Ready made garments (RMG) in bangladesh

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Hello Biplab,

      Your problem statement can reflect on existence of green supply chain management (GSCM) in RMG sector (or lack of it). Later, highlight the need and implications of GSCM in addressing environmental issues of Bangladesh. If GSCM is already in practice in RMG sector, you can also point out the lingering effect despite its existence, making your study holistic in approach.

  46. hi can you help me in developing a statement of the problem for my thesis title “quality of 1000days message “

  47. Sudeshna Chakraborty

    Dear Yoda!

    Unfortunately, I am unable to decipher your study purpose. Is it in any way related to child care or post-natal care in terms of nutrition?
    Kindly let me know your purpose of study so that I can assist you in developing the problem statement.
    Eagerly looking forward.

  48. hello i have difficulties to write a research topic,general objectives,aims, hypothesis etc. can you help me out?


    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Hello Fredrisck,

      For developing the problem statement, you can focus on points like,

      1. Instances showing positive contribution of learning environment on development of learning skills of other nations, especially the emerging economies. Select some specific skills which are required in Tanzanian economy and society.
      2. Ground reality in Tanzania- degree of development of requisite skills (or lack of it).
      3. What is the nature of teaching-learning environment in Tanzania? What all existing challenges impeding the development of such skills?
      4. Are there enough studies/reports reflecting on the gravity of the issue? If so, what all parameters your study focuses into, which makes it different from the existing ones?

      Let us know if these suggestions help!

  50. Thank you very much indeed.I would be happy if you specifically show me how to write a problem statement on a topic: Assessment of the provision of comprehensive quality early childhood development services in childcare nursery centers of Addis Ababa,Ethiopia

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Greetings Michael!

      Your problem statement can focus into-
      1. How is child care quality measured in general and in Addis Ababa,Ethiopia? What are the parameters based on which measurement is carried out?
      2. What is the ground reality in comprehemsive quality of early childhood development services? What are lacunae?
      3. Contribution of this study (through the selected method) in assessing the quality, where exisiting studies/reports lack.

      Let me know if the above suggestion helped!

  51. Hi, I have problem how to do problem statement on “consumers purchasing foreign products”

    The three independent variable that I used consists of image country of origin, foreign brand and social influence”

    I really hope that you can help me as soon as possible. Thank you

  52. Sudeshna Chakraborty

    Dear Zie Zie!

    Your study can focus on deriving the intensity of buying foreign products by consumers and specific brands (of a particular country) thos are bought most over others.
    Are there studies which have earlier measured these parameters of spcific brand or country, image of country of origin and foreign brand? If no, then your study could contribute in educating marketers of effective marketing strategies. If yes, if what way your study is different (maybe in terms of methodology or sampled population, etc.)?
    If you have selected any particular country of consumer’s, you can further present if similar profiling of consumers have been done earlier? or, how is the socio-cultural aspect different from other countries?

    Let me know if the suggestions helped!

    • Thank you so much Miss Sudeshna. Now I’m clear how to do the problem statement. Thank you so much for your explaination and so on. 🙂 🙂 🙂

  53. Dear Chakraborty,
    I thank you very much indeed.It helped me a lot.
    can i ask some more questions?

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Thank you Michael. Pleasure is all mine. Yes, definitely you can post your query!
      Look forward to it. 🙂

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Seife Michael,

      Nice to hear that I could be of some help. You are always welcome to share your queries to help us develop better.

  54. I really need help in developing my research topic. I am writing Chapter 2 (the Literature review and I am having difficulty writing/organizing my thoughts to complete this chapter. I am in dire straights because if I do not get this written in a week, I will fail out of school. I am desperate.

  55. i really get my i need on this post .thank u alot

  56. hi

    can u help me do make a statement of a problem for my research paper because im so frustraded coz i cant make it…

    the title is ” effectiveness of price monitoring of dti in baguio city” and the problems are what are the objectives of price monitoring , what is the purposes of price monitoring

  57. Role of entrepreneurship as a tool for sustainable employment

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Balarabe,

      You focus on certain key questions like issues looming within sustainable employment. Are there adequate studies on entrepreneurship and sustainable employment? Are these studies showing any concrete empirical findings of actual case studies? Which region most of these studies focussed onto? You can try out a region/country which has immense need of sustainable employment but very minimal research work and place your problem statement accordingly.

      Hope this helps! Do share your ideas.

  58. sorry,can you help me on writting problem statement on project title called Studies on environmental and health impacts caused by dumpsite to the people who live in vicinity of that dumpsite.

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Hey Dannie,

      Here are some possible ideas you can focus on developing the problem statement-
      1. What are the environmental & health issues majorly impacting dumpsite people?
      2. Are there adequate studies on spreading awareness on the issues or recommendations to address the issues?
      3. If yes, what are the methods used and recommended by these studies? Are they helpful in mitigating the problem? Where are they lacking and how your study will contribute in tackling the gap?
      4. If no, how your study will make a difference in the situation?

      Hope these points help! Do let us know.

  59. My topic is the use of figurative language to empower literary texts.a case study : Hamlet.I am lost to put problem please ?

    • Answer me please

      • Sudeshna Chakraborty

        Dear Sousou,

        Your problem statement can comprise of the following points:
        1. Purpose of figurative language in literary texts.
        2. What are the varying perspectives of previous studies on figurative language used in Hamlet or any other Shakespearian writings.
        3. What areas among these varying perspectives still remain untouched or lesser travelled in revealing the use of figurative language in literary texts, especially in Shakespeare’s works.
        4. Contribution of this study in unearthing the use of figurative language.

        Hope this helps! Apologies for keeping you awaited. Do let us know your views.

      • Thanks a lot.I need it more precised please.I mean about fig language in hamlet

      • Sudeshna Chakraborty

        Dear Sousou,

        We are happy to help you out more precisely. Kind drop your mail detailing your query at [email protected] 🙂

  60. Pls help me make my research statement the topic we are conducting is ” Investment ways and practices in microbusiness.
    Thanks so much…

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Chel,

      Your problem statement can be developed keeping the following points in mind-
      1. What are the different investment processes and practices associated in developing microbusineses.
      2. Utility and issues associated with each of these practices.
      3. What are areas this study thinks needs more highlighting and why?
      4. What are the contribution of this study in highlighting those areas and dealing with those issues? What unique or innovative recommendation will this study strategise for investors of microbusinesses?

      Hope this helps! Do let us know.

  61. May you please help me in finding the research problem and questions and the significance on the topic: the role of tourism stakeholders in promoting the sustainable development. would you you also help me in formulating the specific objectives of the topic

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Alex,

      Problem statement on your topic “role of tourism stakeholders in promoting the sustainable development” will involve:
      1. environmental hazards due to tourism
      2. statistical facts to prove the same
      3. Responsible stakeholders to make a change in the hazards caused.
      4. How can tourism stakeholders make a change in promoting sustainable development by addressing those hazards?
      5. In what way this study can bring in the real picture of the role of these stakeholders?

      Your objectives will develop from these points of problem statement only.
      Hope these help. For further assistance kindly mail your query to [email protected]

  62. Miss Shutri, can you help me formulate statement of the problem for our research entitled “Personal Hygiene Practices ” Thank you

  63. Please help me, this is my first time making a research paper and I really don’t know how. My topic is about of assimilating the impact of Student-Teacher Interaction Towards Acquiring Business please ?

    • thank you so much in advance!

      • Sudeshna Chakraborty

        Dear Michelle,

        Thanks, for reaching out. Your topic “Assimilating the Impact of Student-Teacher Interaction Towards Acquiring Business Skills” can ponder on following points:
        1. Issues/challenges in acquiring of business skills by students and what is the source of the problem.
        2. Role of teacher and classroom environment in enabling students to develop skills.
        3. Role of student-teacher interaction in helping students acquire skills.
        4. The contribution of the study in applying and understanding the role in student-teacher interaction in acquiring business skills.

        Hope these suggestions help. Do let us know! 🙂

  64. I dont know how to make a topic?

  65. Can you help me?

    • Sudeshna Chakraborty

      Dear Amilyn,

      I would be more than happy to help you in deciding your topic. For that kindly let me know:
      1. Your subject area of expertise
      2. Area of interest.
      3. Purpose of conducting the research you want to do.

      The above points will help understand where your interest lies and what your strengths are.
      For more assistance, kindly drop a mail at [email protected]

  66. Hi please can you help me so that we can start immediately.i will send it to the email. Thanks

  67. Please help me my topic is..main problem in academic performances..thanks

  68. please help me out my topic is: operational optimization of a dry fermentation digester for biogas production ,applying the acacia mearnsii as a feed stock.

    • Dear Boniface,
      I would be glad to help you with it. You have to firstly prepare a proposal where you will identify the main problem of the research. What is lacking in current literature on the topic? How will it benefit the world? How will you address the knowledge gap?
      Then proceed to make the study background research objectives, significance of your study, and chapter scheme for the final project.
      For your topic, the background can contain current mechanisms available for biogas production, and how they are insufficient or not optimal. Then list the possible methods to optimise it, focusing on the method you have chosen.
      After that explain the methodology.
      Hope this helps.

  69. GUYS HELP ME TOO PLEASE. I don’t know how to start the Statement of the Problem, My topic is all about “Side Effects of Slaughterhouse in the Residential of my Town”.

    I see some do a statemwnt of the problem in a questionable form but mostly it’s in a descriptive. I don’t know what to use and I don’t know how to start. Guys please guide me, I am helping myself too so you’re effort will not be waste. Thanks in Advance

    • Hello,
      I think this will help you with framing the problem statement:
      1) Start with the prevalence of slaughterhouses and the positives/ need for them.
      2) Come to the negative aspects. How are they harmful for the community?
      3) Stress on any one or two negatives and explain further.
      4) Pose one important question- what is the problem that has to be examined and how will it benefit your community?
      5) End the section with a statement- what is the need for your study?
      Hope this helps.

  70. can you help me construct the statement of the prob of our research :(. it’s entitled “facebook posts: its’ negative influence on how students deal with problems” your response will be a great help 🙁

    • Hi Nina,
      I hope im not too late in answering! Please follow the below steps to frame your problem statement:
      I think this will help you with framing the problem statement:
      1) Start with the rapid expansion and positives of social media, especially Facebook.
      2) Come to the negative aspects. How are they harmful for the community?
      3) Stress on any one or two negatives and explain further.
      4) Pose one important question- what is the problem that has to be examined and how will it benefit an individual or society?
      5) End the section with a statement- what is the need for your study?

      Remember to be precise and clear in your sentences.

      Hope this helps!

  71. can you help me construct the statement of the prob of our research study the effect of the village savings loan services

    • Hi Robert,
      I hope im not too late in answering!

      1) Start with the positives of savings loan services and why they are important in villages.
      2) Come to the challenges and how they impact the society
      3) Identify different parameters of impact- like employment, income, education, infrastructure, etc.
      4) Pose one important question- what is the problem that has to be addressed and how will it benefit an individual or society?
      5) End the section with a statement- what is the need for your study?

      Remember to be precise and clear in your sentences.

      Hope this helps!

  72. Am writing on a topic : the fight against corruption and Nigerian Foreign policy, the Buhari administration 2015-2018 ….. What could possibly be my statement of the problem please. Thank you

    • Hello John
      Good day. I hope im not too late in answering!
      You could explore the following in your research:
      1) How has corruption affected the Nigerian economy in recent years?
      2) What are the negatives of the Nigerian foreign policy?
      3) What are the negatives of the Buhari administration?
      Lastly, explain how all the three have adversely affected the economic performance of Nigeria and led to social unrest in some parts of the country. Then explain what needs to be examined; for instance, its impact.
      Then proceed to explain the need for your study and how it will benefit academia as well as the society.
      Hope this helps!

  73. please help me write a problem statement on the topic; the impact of social media on dissemination of information among students

    • Dear Darko,

      I hope im not too late in answering! Please follow the below steps to frame your problem statement:

      1) Start with the rapid expansion and positives of social media, especially Facebook, on information dissemination.
      2) Come to the negative aspects. How are they harmful for the community?
      3) Stress on any one or two negatives and explain further.
      4) Pose one important question- what is the problem that has to be examined and how will it benefit an individual or society?
      5) End the section with a statement- what is the need for your study?

      Remember to be precise and clear in your sentences.

      Hope this help!

  74. Hi shruthi datta. please can u help me to get the problem statement to this topic: Data analysis on Various Cricket Shots.

    • Hi Akshay,
      I hope im not too late in answering! Please follow the below steps to frame your problem statement:

      1) First explain the context of your study, i.e. what are the parameters you will be studying
      2) Explain the importance of studying it
      3) How is your study adding to the existing body of knowledge on the topic?

      You can conclude the section with your main research question to create a deeper impact.
      Remember to be clear and precise in your sentences.

      Hope this helps!

  75. how to write problem analysis and problem justification to chapter one. my heading is the factors affecting employee job stress in banking sector.

    • Dear Menaga,

      I hope im not too late in answering! Please follow the below steps to frame your problem statement:

      1) Start with the rapid increase in job stress of employees within the banking sector.
      2) Come to the negative impact. How are they harmful for the community?
      3) Stress on any one or two negatives and explain further.
      4) Pose one important question- what is the problem that has to be examined and how will it benefit an individual or society?
      5) End the section with a statement- what is the need for your study?

      Remember to be precise and clear in your sentences.

      Hope this helps!

  76. Hello please help me to write the statement of the problem this is my first i don’t know how to start. My title “influence and effect of food advertisement to consumers THANK YOU.

    • Dear Jayjay,
      Good day!!

      I hope im not too late in answering! Please follow the below steps to frame your problem statement:

      1) Start with the importance and increase in food advertisement to consumers.
      2) Come to the negative impact. How are they harmful for the community?
      3) Stress on any one or two negatives and explain further.
      4) Pose one important question- what is the problem that has to be examined and how will it benefit an individual or society?
      5) End the section with a statement- what is the need for your study?

      You may state that there is an increase in obesity and related diseases due to sedentary lifestyles coupled with increase in consumption of such food. This phenomenon needs to be examined for negative effects.

      Remember to be precise and clear in your sentences.

      Hope this helps!

  77. Gulnar Mohammed

    Helpful thank you

  78. Can you help me to do our statement of the problem our research entitled ” motivating factors to online selling”

    • Hi Angelica,
      According to me, you must first identify 8-10 main factors that impact an individual’s decision to purchase online through a literature review. You can carry out a survey among online purchasers to identify which among these impact them the most.
      As for the problem statement, you can state that in the presence of so many parameters, it is important to identify the extent to which each impacts the consumer online buying behaviour. It will help marketers frame better strategies.

      Hope this helps!

  79. My research topic is Motivation factors for becoming entrepreneur and I am stuck framing my problem statement.. can you please help me frame one

    • Hello Yenten,
      You must first identify 8-10 main factors that impact an individual’s decision to become an entrepreneur through a literature review. You can carry out a survey among entrepreneurs to identify which among these impact them the most.
      As for the problem statement, you can state that in the presence of so many parameters, it is important to identify the extent to which each impacts the entrepreneur’s decision to start a venture. It will help marketers frame better strategies and governments make better policies to boost them.

  80. Mustapha Sherif

    can you please help me write a statement of the problem on the following topic “Assessment of Senior Secondary School Knowledge of Yoruba Proverbs in Irepo Local Government” thanks

    • Dear Mustapha,
      Good day. You can explain the relevance of Yoruba proverbs in the chosen locality/ country, and why it is important for senior secondary schools to be familiar with it. Then explain that there is limited/ no study on this topic in your chosen locality, which is why your study is important.
      You can conduct a survey among students and staff members to identify and assess the awareness.
      Hope this helps!

  81. Hi Ineed Ur Helf FOr The Statement Of The Problem On This Topic “the Assement Of Knowledge On Skin Blicht”

    • Dear Kabir,
      Good day! Although your topic seems promising, you cannot frame the research problem until you narrow it down to a certain locality/ country, sample population, and importance of knowledge on skin bleach (if that’s what you mean. You will need to carry out an empirical research using survey to answer the research question.
      According to me you need to work on your topic and research question more.
      Hope this helps!

  82. I need a help in my college project topic please help me and my topic is quest for human values in night of the scorpion by nissim ezekiel.

  83. I have to submit this on 6th of this month if u help me i will be very happy . This is my first project ever.

    • Dear Stephen,
      There are several human values exhibited in the poem “Night of the Scorpion”, prominent among them being faith, sympathy, rationalism and irrationality at the same time.

  84. thanks so much and I wish you help me identify the statement of problem and significance of this: Print media and pipeline vandalism in Delta State. thanks

    • Dear Nice,
      Good day! You may attempt to study the effect of pipeline vandalism on the Nigerian economy, and the role and responsibilities of print media in accurate reporting of the events. Your problem statement will be that despite the widespread economic losses vandalism causes, there is no significant study on the same.
      Hope this helps!

  85. Manohar Manandhar

    would you please help me to write statement of problem for my project. My project title is “Market Analysis of FMCG products of ABC company.”
    Basically ABC company is going to launch new product and I am conducting research about competitor analysis and consumer behavior.

    • Hello Manohar,
      Thanks for reading our article. The problem statement for your research can be that since the company is going to launch a new product, it is necessary to study the market for consumer behaviour in order to ensure product success.

  86. thanks, i appreciate your work here sir, please i have problem with my research topic ‘A pragmatic analysis of obituary posters and announcements: A case study of igbo funerals’ i don’t know how to frame the research question and statement of problem. please sir help.

    • Dear Uzochukwu,
      Thanks for your feedback. In order to frame the problem statements for your topic, please follow the below steps.
      1) Give a review of the presence of obituary posters and announcements on various media in the igbo tribe.
      2) State the type of analysis you wish to conduct (exploratory/ explanatory)?
      3) Explain the importance of undertaking such a research for the tribe and the community.

      Hope this helps!

  87. Hi I have problems on writing statment of the problem and delimitation of the study my research title “factors affecting modern saving in Micro finance institutionx

    • Dear Elsa,
      Thanks for contacting us. Microfinance is affected by a range of factors such as demographic profile of the target population, economic stability of the region/country, presence of banking institutions, etc. However these factors differ from country to country. You have to study them from the perspective of your country and also explore how savings patterns of the population in your country is changing. Connect the two and see if there is any study exploring how MFIs are affected by modern savings patterns. Next determine whom such a study would benefit and why. This becomes your problem statement.

  88. hello, please help me with stating a problem statement about “communication and employee performance”

    • Hi Tito!
      For your topic you must review the importance of communication at the workplace, and how it affects productivity. Then decide on a certain technology/ industry/ sector in which the issue is most evident and piques your interest. Then state the problem of your research- what is the issue you are trying to study?
      Hope this helps!

  89. Dear shruti…please help me with the statement of the problem for my dissertation. .the topic is “Epic traditions in Nollywood movies :case study of Ijele and Sitanda”

  90. hi please help me do my sop for its my first time to do my research and to be honest I dont have enough knowledge about this. So my title is “Inability to construe new words”. And can you please give me another title related to the problems of the students in English if possible. Thankyou in advance and godbless.

    • Dear Jane,
      You need to be more specific about your intended research- are you studying a particular section of student community like, say, the Iranian or Nigerian community where English is a second language? Or are you interested in studying why, in today’s age of emojis and abbrevations it is becoming harder to learn new meaningful words?
      Once you have decided the scope, it will be easy to decide the rest of the things; area/ location, demographics and existing research on them.
      Hope this helps!


    how do i coin the problem statement in this topic. i need your advice.

    • Dear Godwin,
      There will be plenty of research already available on your topic, depending upon the country of research. But the strong point of your study will be that it is restricted to IDP rather than all citizens of the country. You can frame that as your problem statement.
      Hope this helps.

  92. Pravallika kotha

    Please help me in writing the statement of the problem. The topic is “Impact of unethical practices in banks in India”

    • Dear Pravallika,
      There are plenty of research gaps in your topic. However which section of India’s banking industry are you targetting? Practices in private banks are very different from public ones.Overall, you can highlight the recent issue of NPAs in banks and how it is majorly due to unethical or irresponsible decisions.
      Hope this helps.

  93. Pravallika kotha

    Please help in writing the statement of the problem. The topic is the role of payment banks in building the creditworthiness of their customers.

  94. Plz help me in stating the statement of problem for topic peace process between India Pak during upa govt.

    • Dear Rayees,
      You may review the tensions and important events that took place between these two countries under the UPA government, followed by the impact of hostility on trade, economy, politics, and international reputation. Then also review the factors that play a key role in peace process and how it is faring in the Indo-Pak relations. Then explain what your thesis will propose and why its helpful.

  95. John Philip Sonil

    Importance of ICT in Senior High School students?

    • There are lots of emerging ICT technologies. Pick any one/two and study that in detail, in context of your geographical location or institution.

  96. Dr. Maruff Oladejo

    This is wonderful! I really leanrt new great things here today. The Almighty Allah shall further increase you in wisdom and knowledge

  97. hello everyone I need help in formulating statement of the problem in our study experimental research our topic is

    • Adrian,
      Your topic is vague. Are you going to study how eco-friendly bricks are important for environmental sustainability? If so you can review the state of ecology in your country along with the role of construction industry in it. After that emphasise on the importance of eco friendly bricks being an important way to tackle the environmental problem.

  98. Nompilo Ndlovu

    hello I am doing a research on effects of lack of alignment of tertiary curriculum to industrial realities. please help me in coming up with a problem statement

    • Hi Nompilo,
      Focus on knowledge and skill gap issue. The curriculum is not being updated as per industry requirements and thus students are facing difficulties in coping up with their job responsibilities.

  99. The microfinance industry has in recent times been saddled with liquidity challenges, poor management practices among others and this has resulted in a number of microfinance institutions collapsing (due to poor financial and operational sustainability). The Bank of Ghana, the main regulatory body through a consultant identified that a number of these institutions have high operating expense ratio, high portfolio at risk and inadequate loan portfolio.Beyond the work of the consultant, some individuals have argued that, portfolio at risk cannot be included as one of the factors that leads to the collapse of Microfiance institutions since there seem to be no difference in terms of portfolio at risk when it comes to firms that are sustainable and firms that are not sustainable. For these individuals, age is the most important factor that could affect the sustainability of these institutions.

    What is the possible research problem that would help me verify the work of the consultant and the claims made by individuals in the articles above

    • Hi Kojo,
      The findings of both parties are clearly contradicting each other. Your problem statement should mention the need for an empirical research of the MFIs to identify which claim is true. Do remember to include credible references while citing these claims.

  100. hello, am doing the research on coca cola company is products. help me to come up with problem statement

    • Hi Joseph,
      The problem statement depends on a number of things like country, time, subject/ field of study, and available literature on the issue. have you decided all these things?

  101. Francheska Almodovar

    Hello, I’m new here. I would like you to revise if the topic and research problem of my monograph is correct.
    Topic: Overcoming Reading Difficulties in ESL 6th grade Students
    Research Problem: There is an increasing need for tutoring ESL students from private and public schools and it turns the effect of overcoming their reading difficulties.

  102. Good day please help me on problem statement,i don’t know how to write it,my topic is learnes experiances about school guidance and counselling in South Africa

  103. I have big problem how to make my problen statement regarding the following topic”The consequences of United States Involvement in Syria”please give me a kind answer

  104. Choose a research topic from your area of interest and write a proposal highlighting the background to the study, the problem statement, the objectives and the research questions.
    NB. can you please assists by sending a written example to this question.


    • HI Andy
      That would depend upon your area of interest, the subject and topic, program details etc. Have you decided an of these?

  105. Hi. I really need assistance with this.. I have a question already, so I want to convert it to statement. I don’t know how to do it. I really need to this help. My question is. Why does the community / population of independence lack respect for the police.

  106. hello! I have a big problem on how to make a problem statement about my thesis entitled “assesemene of procuremet practice and challenge in shipping sector can you help me because I’m so exhausted

  107. hello! I have a big problem on how to make a problem statement about my thesis entitled “assessment of procurement practice and challenge in shipping sector can you help me because I’m so exhausted

  108. My approved project is on the prevalence and resistance of E.coli to the commonly used oral antibiotics inn poultry.kindly help with problem statement and georaphic coverage…m just lost

  109. Hey Darwin Tush
    Having a question makes it easier to frame the problem statement. Now you will need to find literature related to your question, find out 3-4 indicators of the lack of community’s respect for police and explain how it negatively impacts the society. Finally explain why it is important to answer this problem.

  110. Hi beau abera
    For that problem, find out how having challenges is negatively affecting the output/performance of the supply chain division of the shipping industry. then identify 4-5 areas of opportunities and how they can be optimised.
    lastly talk about how external factors are constantly changing this dynamic and why it is important to study this problem for your specific country/ region.
    Hope this helps.

  111. Hi Slie,
    follow this format.
    1) talk about increasing prevalence of E.Coli in poultry.
    2) explain its negative effects in terms of financial losses, environmental concerns and other health concerns
    3) identify the reasons for increasing prevalance and focus on resistence as the main reason.
    4) explain why research is important in context of your country by emphasising how poultry farming is important in your country.

    I am having trouble coming up with specific objective and clearly showing the gap in knowledge… Please can you help me all the specific objectives I came up with have all been denied by my supervisor and now I don’t know what to do am stuck

  113. Hi Phillip,
    You need to have a main aim and 3-4 objectives.
    aim can be “to assess the impact of social media on consumer engagement in ….. sector/ country/ demographic population”
    objectives can be
    1) to identify factors influencing consumer engagement
    2) to identify and assess uses of social media in marketing
    Hope this helps.


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