To improve economic growth condition, the second five-year plan under Nehru (1956-61) was formulated to focus on industrialization. This made no mention of the environmental protection.
The CSR mandate caters to the strategies needed for building a cleaner environment. The importance of environment stems from its inclusion in the concept of sustainability as put forward by the Brundtland Commission in its report in 1987.
Phytoremediation is a method which involves growing plants in a contaminated matrix to remove environmental contaminants.It is the direct use of living green plants for the removal and degradation of contaminants in the soil as well as water bodies (Hassani et al. 2014).