Microbial Fuel Cells or Bio-Electrochemical Systems (BES) combine biological catalytic redox activity with abiotic electrochemical reactions and physics.
India in the month of April 2015 announced that it would buy $280 million worth of Uranium from Canada over a span of 5 years, thus ending a 40-year silent enmity they shared. The enmity was over India’s unwarranted use of Canadian technology to build nuclear weapons, which didn’t go down well with the Canadians.
Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest producer and exporter of proven oil. It has one-fifth of world’s proven oil reserve and is one of the largest producer of crude oil after Russia. Saudi Arabia is also the 5th largest country in natural gas reserve after Russia, Iran, Qatar, and US (Anon 2013).
The Indian rupee has seen one of its worst times in the recent days, climbing to Rs. 65 per USD during the month of August 2013, up from only around Rs. 50/dollar in November 2012. It has created a chaotic situation in the country’s economy as the government and common man struggles to keep up with the expenses which just keeps rising everyday.
CIL was formed in the year 1975 by the Congress government headed by Indira Gandhi as a solution to the severely crippled coal industry. The Indian coal industry until 1975 was plagued with a number of issues like low productivity, lack of strategic planning, lack of funds, low-grade technology and lack of regulation.