To improve economic growth condition, the second five-year plan under Nehru (1956-61) was formulated to focus on industrialization. This made no mention of the environmental protection.
The environmental policies of any country intend to bring its environmental concerns to the forefront in pursuit of sustainable development. India has emerged as the sixth largest economy in 2018. It is also the second most populous country in the world with over 1.35 billion people (World Population Review, 2018).