Case study
Industrial Overview

Why airlines in India are facing losses?

Why airlines in India are facing losses?Recently, Kingfisher Airlines was all over the news but for the wrong reasons. It is on the verge of a collapse. However, this is an alarm for the worse which is yet to come. Continue »

Human resource challenges in the retail industry

Human resource challenges in the retail industryRetail is one of the fastest growing industries across the globe and offers livelihood to millions. Human resources occupy a significant place in the growth of the retail industry. Continue »

Recently on Knowledge Tank

An overview of the pharmaceutical industry of India

The pharmaceutical industry of India consists of the total value of pharmaceutical formulations sold in India. It is one of the major contributors in the healthcare industry. Indian pharmaceutical also plays a major role in the contribution of drugs globally. It provides many vaccines, generic drugs and other forms of treatment methods on global demand. In this article, the market size of the Indian pharmaceutical industry is compared in the global perspective. Continue »

Role of organizational justice theory in performance management

Management of human resources is an important and complex process of an organization. Performance management systems help to retain the talents within an organization and growth of the organization (Jenkins, 2005). Organizational justice theory helps the performance management process of an organization to make it more transparent, trustworthy, and reliable. Continue »

Microbial fuel cells for harvesting electricity

In the process of biological electricity generation, the two electrodes- anode (negative terminal) and cathode (positive terminal) are usually connected by conductive materials. Micro-organisms produce the electrons, after which transferred to cathode using electron mediators and nano-wires (Bose et al. 2018). Bioremediation is the process of using micro-organisms to neutralize or remove contamination from waste. However, nowadays it is also an important technique used to produce electricity from organic and inorganic matter catalyzed (Cookson 2011). Microbial Fuel Cells or Bio-Electrochemical Systems (BES) combine biological catalytic redox activity with abiotic electrochemical reactions and physics. However, in 1911, Potter deduced the idea of electricity generation using microbes. Furthermore, studies by Santoro et al. (2017) has led to the improvement of concept and practical developments. Thus, by using organic substrates, such as domestic wastewater, animal wastewater, oil wastewater, and wasted sludge microbial fuel cells, integrated with anaerobic and aerobic treatments using bacteria as catalysts. Therefore they can lead to effective bioelectricity generation (Bose et al. 2018). Continue »

Geospatial modelling to understand malarial prevalence

In the previous article, a trend-based assessment was conducted to show the prevalence of Malaria in India. Geospatial modelling is another form of trend based pictorial assessment used by the healthcare and pharmaceutical industry. This article presents state-wise malaria incidence data to test the patterns of prevalence of malaria in India between 2011 and 2015. Geospatial  modelling helps in comparing the intervention efficacy with respect to different states in India and the aspect that contribute to its inefficacy.  Continue »

Importance of epidemiological purpose in disease prevention

The epidemiological purpose of pharmaceutical industry comprises mainly towards the provision of quality drugs for prevention and intervention of emerging infectious disease (EID). Data gets collected in form of mortality rate, incidence rate and prevalence of the infectious agents. Epidemiological purpose also comprises of usage of statistics to not just explore the prevalence of diseases but also explore the efficacy of drugs (Ahmad et al., 2013). Usage of epidemiological studies helps to retrieve strain and genome-specific causal organisms of infections. Data gathered help development of the personalized and strain-specific drugs for disease prevention and intervention. Outcomes help the government in deciding better treatment plans, policies for drugs and set a budget for disease prevention and intervention. Continue »

Establishing a relationship between FDI and air pollution in India

The previous articles in this study established how Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) affects the economic growth of a country. In India, in the last two decades, the inflow of FDI has grown significantly. Similarly, its environmental pollution has also been rising since 1991 due to an increase in economic activity. This article empirically investigates the impact of FDI on air pollution in India. In order to do so, it establishes a long run association between FDI inflows and air pollution in the post reform period, i.e. since 1991. The previous article identified the common air pollution indicators, of which Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions is the most significant. The figure below shows that total GHG emissions have increased drastically in India. Continue »

Common water pollution indicators and their use in economic studies

The previous article reviewed the indicators of air pollution and their use in economic studies. This article focuses on a number of water pollution indicators and their use in economic studies. This is because indicators of water pollution help analyse the impact of economic growth on the environment. Water pollution refers to the contamination of water by toxic elements and harmful chemical agents. It implies an alteration in the natural state of water including its physical, chemical and biological properties. Water pollution due to chemicals from industrial toxic releases. Continue »

Epidemiological purpose in emerging infectious disease management

The epidemiological studies play a major role in treatment planning and management of infectious diseases. Healthcare organizations have an epidemiological purpose towards infectious disease management by the provision of better treatment methods. This in turn help in policy implementation. Therefore, it is important to explore and analyze various epidemiological techniques employed for infectious disease management and also examine its role in deciding policies for the prevention and control of malaria in India. Continue »

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